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Preventing upper limb work-related musculoskeletal disorders (UL-WMSDS): new approaches in job (re)design and current trends in standardization.
Appl Ergon. 2006 Jul; 37(4):441-50.AE

Abstract

In industrialized countries, upper limb work-related musculoskeletal disorders (UL-WMSDs) are the most common form of occupational diseases. They are generating a growing population of workers with reduced working capacity. The link between these pathologies and different aspects of work organization has been convincingly proven. Recent experiences in Europe supporting the combination of traditional work design methods used in manufacturing companies with ergonomics methods are reported briefly, with special focus on the use of the occupational repetitive action (OCRA) method for risk assessment and management of manual repetitive tasks. The combined approach strives to achieve the goal of maintaining a satisfactory level of productivity while respecting ergonomics criteria and, definitely, workers' health. New ergonomics standards provide for interaction between job and machinery designers and ergonomists in the design of work processes and workplaces. These standards generally refer only to the healthy adult working population and do not always provide criteria for protecting particular working populations, such as that represented by workers affected by UL-WMSDs. The results of preliminary studies concerning productive re-employment of workers with UL-WMSDs allow the introduction of some criteria for implementing current ergonomics standards in this connection. One aim of this paper is to summarize experiences of close cooperation between ergonomists, machinery designers and job designers to guarantee productivity and the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders. A second aim is to examine current ergonomics standards in the field of manual physical work (designed for healthy workers) and to suggest preliminary criteria for their implementation taking into account the capabilities and needs of specific sub-groups of the working population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Research Unit Ergonomics of Posture and Movement, E.P.M, Via Riva Villasanta 11, Milan, Italy. epmdaniela@tiscali.itNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16762310

Citation

Colombini, Daniela, and Enrico Occhipinti. "Preventing Upper Limb Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (UL-WMSDS): New Approaches in Job (re)design and Current Trends in Standardization." Applied Ergonomics, vol. 37, no. 4, 2006, pp. 441-50.
Colombini D, Occhipinti E. Preventing upper limb work-related musculoskeletal disorders (UL-WMSDS): new approaches in job (re)design and current trends in standardization. Appl Ergon. 2006;37(4):441-50.
Colombini, D., & Occhipinti, E. (2006). Preventing upper limb work-related musculoskeletal disorders (UL-WMSDS): new approaches in job (re)design and current trends in standardization. Applied Ergonomics, 37(4), 441-50.
Colombini D, Occhipinti E. Preventing Upper Limb Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (UL-WMSDS): New Approaches in Job (re)design and Current Trends in Standardization. Appl Ergon. 2006;37(4):441-50. PubMed PMID: 16762310.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Preventing upper limb work-related musculoskeletal disorders (UL-WMSDS): new approaches in job (re)design and current trends in standardization. AU - Colombini,Daniela, AU - Occhipinti,Enrico, Y1 - 2006/06/09/ PY - 2006/6/10/pubmed PY - 2006/11/11/medline PY - 2006/6/10/entrez SP - 441 EP - 50 JF - Applied ergonomics JO - Appl Ergon VL - 37 IS - 4 N2 - In industrialized countries, upper limb work-related musculoskeletal disorders (UL-WMSDs) are the most common form of occupational diseases. They are generating a growing population of workers with reduced working capacity. The link between these pathologies and different aspects of work organization has been convincingly proven. Recent experiences in Europe supporting the combination of traditional work design methods used in manufacturing companies with ergonomics methods are reported briefly, with special focus on the use of the occupational repetitive action (OCRA) method for risk assessment and management of manual repetitive tasks. The combined approach strives to achieve the goal of maintaining a satisfactory level of productivity while respecting ergonomics criteria and, definitely, workers' health. New ergonomics standards provide for interaction between job and machinery designers and ergonomists in the design of work processes and workplaces. These standards generally refer only to the healthy adult working population and do not always provide criteria for protecting particular working populations, such as that represented by workers affected by UL-WMSDs. The results of preliminary studies concerning productive re-employment of workers with UL-WMSDs allow the introduction of some criteria for implementing current ergonomics standards in this connection. One aim of this paper is to summarize experiences of close cooperation between ergonomists, machinery designers and job designers to guarantee productivity and the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders. A second aim is to examine current ergonomics standards in the field of manual physical work (designed for healthy workers) and to suggest preliminary criteria for their implementation taking into account the capabilities and needs of specific sub-groups of the working population. SN - 0003-6870 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16762310/Preventing_upper_limb_work_related_musculoskeletal_disorders__UL_WMSDS_:_new_approaches_in_job__re_design_and_current_trends_in_standardization_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0003-6870(06)00050-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -