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Close friends', parents', and older siblings' smoking: reevaluating their influence on children's smoking.
Nicotine Tob Res. 2006 Apr; 8(2):217-26.NT

Abstract

A number of longitudinal studies have explored the role of friends', parents', and older siblings' smoking in children's smoking acquisition. A reasonable implication of this previous research is that intervention efforts could be beneficially directed toward countering the potential influence of friends' and possibly older siblings' smoking but not parents' smoking. However, methodological limitations of this previous research motivated our reevaluation of the role of friends', parents', and older siblings' smoking in children's smoking. Close friends' smoking status was assessed when children were in 5th grade, whereas parents' and older siblings' smoking status was assessed when children were in 3rd grade. The outcome, children's daily smoking status, was assessed in 12th grade. The setting was 40 Washington state school districts that participated in the long-term Hutchinson Smoking Prevention Project. Participants were the 4,576 families for whom close friends', parents', and older siblings' smoking status as well as children's smoking status were available. The probability that each close friend's smoking influenced the child to smoke daily was 9% (95% CI = 6%-12%), the probability that each parent's smoking influenced the child to smoke daily was 11% (95% CI = 9%-14%), and the probability that each older sibling's smoking influenced the child to smoke daily was 7% (95% CI = 1%-13%). These results suggest that close friends', parents', and siblings' smoking were similarly important influences on children's smoking. Family-focused interventions could be a valuable future direction of prevention research.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cancer Prevention Research Program, Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, USA. jbricker@fhcrc.orgNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16766414

Citation

Bricker, Jonathan B., et al. "Close Friends', Parents', and Older Siblings' Smoking: Reevaluating Their Influence On Children's Smoking." Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, vol. 8, no. 2, 2006, pp. 217-26.
Bricker JB, Peterson AV, Robyn Andersen M, et al. Close friends', parents', and older siblings' smoking: reevaluating their influence on children's smoking. Nicotine Tob Res. 2006;8(2):217-26.
Bricker, J. B., Peterson, A. V., Robyn Andersen, M., Leroux, B. G., Bharat Rajan, K., & Sarason, I. G. (2006). Close friends', parents', and older siblings' smoking: reevaluating their influence on children's smoking. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, 8(2), 217-26.
Bricker JB, et al. Close Friends', Parents', and Older Siblings' Smoking: Reevaluating Their Influence On Children's Smoking. Nicotine Tob Res. 2006;8(2):217-26. PubMed PMID: 16766414.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Close friends', parents', and older siblings' smoking: reevaluating their influence on children's smoking. AU - Bricker,Jonathan B, AU - Peterson,Arthur V, AU - Robyn Andersen,M, AU - Leroux,Brian G, AU - Bharat Rajan,K, AU - Sarason,Irwin G, PY - 2006/6/13/pubmed PY - 2006/9/15/medline PY - 2006/6/13/entrez SP - 217 EP - 26 JF - Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco JO - Nicotine Tob. Res. VL - 8 IS - 2 N2 - A number of longitudinal studies have explored the role of friends', parents', and older siblings' smoking in children's smoking acquisition. A reasonable implication of this previous research is that intervention efforts could be beneficially directed toward countering the potential influence of friends' and possibly older siblings' smoking but not parents' smoking. However, methodological limitations of this previous research motivated our reevaluation of the role of friends', parents', and older siblings' smoking in children's smoking. Close friends' smoking status was assessed when children were in 5th grade, whereas parents' and older siblings' smoking status was assessed when children were in 3rd grade. The outcome, children's daily smoking status, was assessed in 12th grade. The setting was 40 Washington state school districts that participated in the long-term Hutchinson Smoking Prevention Project. Participants were the 4,576 families for whom close friends', parents', and older siblings' smoking status as well as children's smoking status were available. The probability that each close friend's smoking influenced the child to smoke daily was 9% (95% CI = 6%-12%), the probability that each parent's smoking influenced the child to smoke daily was 11% (95% CI = 9%-14%), and the probability that each older sibling's smoking influenced the child to smoke daily was 7% (95% CI = 1%-13%). These results suggest that close friends', parents', and siblings' smoking were similarly important influences on children's smoking. Family-focused interventions could be a valuable future direction of prevention research. SN - 1462-2203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16766414/Close_friends'_parents'_and_older_siblings'_smoking:_reevaluating_their_influence_on_children's_smoking_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ntr/article-lookup/doi/10.1080/14622200600576339 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -