Dissociation between vascular oxidative stress and cardiovascular function in Wistar Kyoto and spontaneously hypertensive rats.Vascul Pharmacol. 2006 Aug; 45(2):112-21.VP
It has not been completely demonstrated if hypertension may, in part, develop as a result of increased oxidative stress (OS), inflammation and little is known about the short-term effects of antioxidant therapy. This study was designed to appreciate the effect of 7 days vitamin C-enriched diet (5 g/kg/day) on hemodynamic function and vascular OS in normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats and hypertensive rats (SHR). Aorta NAD(P)H oxidase activity was determinate and free radicals evaluated by electron spin resonance with a spin probe CP-H. Matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) expression were measured. The treatment with vitamin C did not change arterial pressure in SHR but prevented the increase in OS levels in SHR aortas. MMP-1 and MCP-1 expressions were more intense in the media of SHR aortas than in those of WKY rats but these expressions were not modified by vitamin C-pretreatment. Vitamin C-pretreatment was not able to protect heart against in vitro ischemia-reperfusion dysfunctions. These data may suggest that treatment with high doses of vitamin C in SHR can limit over-production of reactive oxygen species; however this effect was not accompanied with changes in arterial pressure and protection against I-R dysfunctions. Dissociation between vascular oxidative stress and cardiovascular function may be evoked.