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The Oswestry Disability Index, the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, and the Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale: translation and validation studies of the Iranian versions.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Jun 15; 31(14):E454-9.S

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN

Cross-cultural translation and psychometric testing were performed.

OBJECTIVES

To cross-culturally translate the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDQ), and Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale (QDS) into Persian, and then investigate the psychometric properties of the Persian versions produced.

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA

To the authors' knowledge, there is no validated instrument to measure functional status in Persian-speaking patients with low back pain (LBP) in Iran. To our knowledge, the widely used back-specific measures, the ODI, RDQ, and QDS, have not been translated and validated for Persian-speaking patients with LBP.

METHODS

The translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the original questionnaires were performed in accordance with published guidelines. A total of 100 patients with chronic LBP were asked to complete a questionnaire booklet (the Persian versions of the ODI, RDQ, QDS, Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and visual analog scale measure of pain). There were 31 randomly select patients with chronic LBP asked to complete the second questionnaire booklet 24 hours later.

RESULTS

The Cronbach-alpha for the ODI, RDQ, and QDS was 0.75, 0.83, and 0.92, respectively. The ODI, RDQ, and QDS showed excellent test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.91, 0.86, and 0.86, respectively) (P < 0.01). The correlation among the ODI, RDQ, QDS and physical functioning scales of the SF-36 was -0.66, -0.62, and -0.69, respectively (P < 0.001). The correlation among the ODI, RDQ, and QDS and visual analog scale was 0.54, 0.36, and 0.46, respectively (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS

The Persian versions of the ODI, RDQ, and QDS are reliable and valid instruments to measure functional status in Persian-speaking patients with LBP. They are simple and fast scales, and the use of them can be recommended in a clinical setting and future outcome studies in Iran.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Pich-e-Shemiran, Tehran, Iran. jmousavi@razi.tums.ac.irNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16778675

Citation

Mousavi, Sayed Javad, et al. "The Oswestry Disability Index, the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, and the Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale: Translation and Validation Studies of the Iranian Versions." Spine, vol. 31, no. 14, 2006, pp. E454-9.
Mousavi SJ, Parnianpour M, Mehdian H, et al. The Oswestry Disability Index, the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, and the Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale: translation and validation studies of the Iranian versions. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006;31(14):E454-9.
Mousavi, S. J., Parnianpour, M., Mehdian, H., Montazeri, A., & Mobini, B. (2006). The Oswestry Disability Index, the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, and the Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale: translation and validation studies of the Iranian versions. Spine, 31(14), E454-9.
Mousavi SJ, et al. The Oswestry Disability Index, the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, and the Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale: Translation and Validation Studies of the Iranian Versions. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Jun 15;31(14):E454-9. PubMed PMID: 16778675.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Oswestry Disability Index, the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, and the Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale: translation and validation studies of the Iranian versions. AU - Mousavi,Sayed Javad, AU - Parnianpour,Mohamad, AU - Mehdian,Hossein, AU - Montazeri,Ali, AU - Mobini,Bahram, PY - 2006/6/17/pubmed PY - 2006/8/4/medline PY - 2006/6/17/entrez SP - E454 EP - 9 JF - Spine JO - Spine (Phila Pa 1976) VL - 31 IS - 14 N2 - STUDY DESIGN: Cross-cultural translation and psychometric testing were performed. OBJECTIVES: To cross-culturally translate the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDQ), and Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale (QDS) into Persian, and then investigate the psychometric properties of the Persian versions produced. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: To the authors' knowledge, there is no validated instrument to measure functional status in Persian-speaking patients with low back pain (LBP) in Iran. To our knowledge, the widely used back-specific measures, the ODI, RDQ, and QDS, have not been translated and validated for Persian-speaking patients with LBP. METHODS: The translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the original questionnaires were performed in accordance with published guidelines. A total of 100 patients with chronic LBP were asked to complete a questionnaire booklet (the Persian versions of the ODI, RDQ, QDS, Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and visual analog scale measure of pain). There were 31 randomly select patients with chronic LBP asked to complete the second questionnaire booklet 24 hours later. RESULTS: The Cronbach-alpha for the ODI, RDQ, and QDS was 0.75, 0.83, and 0.92, respectively. The ODI, RDQ, and QDS showed excellent test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.91, 0.86, and 0.86, respectively) (P < 0.01). The correlation among the ODI, RDQ, QDS and physical functioning scales of the SF-36 was -0.66, -0.62, and -0.69, respectively (P < 0.001). The correlation among the ODI, RDQ, and QDS and visual analog scale was 0.54, 0.36, and 0.46, respectively (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The Persian versions of the ODI, RDQ, and QDS are reliable and valid instruments to measure functional status in Persian-speaking patients with LBP. They are simple and fast scales, and the use of them can be recommended in a clinical setting and future outcome studies in Iran. SN - 1528-1159 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16778675/The_Oswestry_Disability_Index_the_Roland_Morris_Disability_Questionnaire_and_the_Quebec_Back_Pain_Disability_Scale:_translation_and_validation_studies_of_the_Iranian_versions_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/01.brs.0000222141.61424.f7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -