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[Psychosomatic symptom formation as a health status indicator in early adolescence: behavioral epidemiologic analysis].
Orv Hetil. 2006 May 07; 147(18):819-25.OH

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS

In adolescence, due to the ongoing biological-hormonal and psychosocial changes, the formation of psychosomatic symptoms becomes more frequent. The psychosomatic symptom formation has an influence on adolescents' self-perceived health as well as on their later health and illness related attitudes and behaviors. The main goal of the present study has been to detect the occurrence of psychosomatic symptoms among early adolescents, and to see the impact of psychosocial and psychological variables on the symptom formation.

METHODS

In the frame of the South Plain Youth Study, the survey was going on among middle school aged students (N = 548, classes 5-8, mean age of 12.2 years). Data were collected by means of self-completed questionnaires which contained items on sociodemographics (age, gender, parental schooling, socioeconomic status of the family), mapping psychosomatic symptoms, and certain psychosocial and psychological variables affecting psychosomatic symptom formation (such as academic achievement, health-compromising behaviors, the lack of aggression control and social comparison). Statistical analyses included chi2 test, student's t-test, ANOVA, and multiple linear regression analyses.

RESULTS

Fatigue proved to be the most frequent psychosomatic symptoms in both sexes which was followed by headache and lower back pain. These latter symptoms were more common among girls (p < 0.001). Good academic achievement was a protective factor (p < 0.05), while the lack of aggression control increased the psychosomatic symptom formation (boys: beta = 0.37, p < 0.001, girls: beta = 0.21, p < 0.01). Smoking (beta = 0.24, p < 0.01) and social comparison (beta = 0.16, p < 0.05) were predictors only among girls.

CONCLUSION

The results draw the attention to the importance of psychosomatic symptom formation in clinical practice. Beyond the difficulties in differential diagnosis, all efforts should be made to start a causal therapy of the latent psychosocial problems so as to prevent the onset of more serious ill health states.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Szent-Györgyi Albert Orvos- es Gyógyszerésztudományi Centrum, Altalános Orvostudományi Kar, Pszichiátriai Klinika, Magatartástudományi Csoport, Szeged. pikobettina@yahoo.comNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

hun

PubMed ID

16784136

Citation

Pikó, Bettina, and Keresztes Noémi. "[Psychosomatic Symptom Formation as a Health Status Indicator in Early Adolescence: Behavioral Epidemiologic Analysis]." Orvosi Hetilap, vol. 147, no. 18, 2006, pp. 819-25.
Pikó B, Noémi K. [Psychosomatic symptom formation as a health status indicator in early adolescence: behavioral epidemiologic analysis]. Orv Hetil. 2006;147(18):819-25.
Pikó, B., & Noémi, K. (2006). [Psychosomatic symptom formation as a health status indicator in early adolescence: behavioral epidemiologic analysis]. Orvosi Hetilap, 147(18), 819-25.
Pikó B, Noémi K. [Psychosomatic Symptom Formation as a Health Status Indicator in Early Adolescence: Behavioral Epidemiologic Analysis]. Orv Hetil. 2006 May 7;147(18):819-25. PubMed PMID: 16784136.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Psychosomatic symptom formation as a health status indicator in early adolescence: behavioral epidemiologic analysis]. AU - Pikó,Bettina, AU - Noémi,Keresztes, PY - 2006/6/21/pubmed PY - 2006/7/21/medline PY - 2006/6/21/entrez SP - 819 EP - 25 JF - Orvosi hetilap JO - Orv Hetil VL - 147 IS - 18 N2 - INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: In adolescence, due to the ongoing biological-hormonal and psychosocial changes, the formation of psychosomatic symptoms becomes more frequent. The psychosomatic symptom formation has an influence on adolescents' self-perceived health as well as on their later health and illness related attitudes and behaviors. The main goal of the present study has been to detect the occurrence of psychosomatic symptoms among early adolescents, and to see the impact of psychosocial and psychological variables on the symptom formation. METHODS: In the frame of the South Plain Youth Study, the survey was going on among middle school aged students (N = 548, classes 5-8, mean age of 12.2 years). Data were collected by means of self-completed questionnaires which contained items on sociodemographics (age, gender, parental schooling, socioeconomic status of the family), mapping psychosomatic symptoms, and certain psychosocial and psychological variables affecting psychosomatic symptom formation (such as academic achievement, health-compromising behaviors, the lack of aggression control and social comparison). Statistical analyses included chi2 test, student's t-test, ANOVA, and multiple linear regression analyses. RESULTS: Fatigue proved to be the most frequent psychosomatic symptoms in both sexes which was followed by headache and lower back pain. These latter symptoms were more common among girls (p < 0.001). Good academic achievement was a protective factor (p < 0.05), while the lack of aggression control increased the psychosomatic symptom formation (boys: beta = 0.37, p < 0.001, girls: beta = 0.21, p < 0.01). Smoking (beta = 0.24, p < 0.01) and social comparison (beta = 0.16, p < 0.05) were predictors only among girls. CONCLUSION: The results draw the attention to the importance of psychosomatic symptom formation in clinical practice. Beyond the difficulties in differential diagnosis, all efforts should be made to start a causal therapy of the latent psychosocial problems so as to prevent the onset of more serious ill health states. SN - 0030-6002 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16784136/[Psychosomatic_symptom_formation_as_a_health_status_indicator_in_early_adolescence:_behavioral_epidemiologic_analysis]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -