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Gender differences and pregnant women in a methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clinic.
J Addict Dis. 2006; 25(2):39-45.JA

Abstract

We prospectively compared gender outcome among 470 MMT patients admitted between June 1993 and Dec 2002. Urine samples were analyzed for drug abuse after one month and after one year. On admission females 131(27.9%) were significantly younger (34.5 +/-7.5 years) than males 339(72.1%) (37.3 +/- 8.3 years) (ANOVA; F = 11, p = 0.001) and had significantly higher cocaine abuse (20% vs. 11.3%) (Fisher's Exact Test, p = 0.02). After one year, groups had: (a) similar retention in treatment (76.3%-females, 72.6%-males), (b) stop in opiate abuse (65%-females, 65.3%-males), (c) a net decrease in cocaine abuse (% positive that became negative minus % negative that became positive) (68.0%-females, 51.6%-males). Females who were admitted to treatment while pregnant (n = 45) were significantly younger (31.5 +/-5.4 years) compared to 86 non-pregnant (36.1 +/- 7.9, ANOVA F = 12.1, p = 0.001). We concluded that compared to males, females started MMT younger and had a higher proportion of cocaine abuse even though females' outcome were similar to males'.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Clinic for Drug Abuse, Treatment & Research, Tel-Aviv Elias Sourasky Medical Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel. einatp@tasmc.health.gov.ilNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16785218

Citation

Peles, Einat, and Miriam Adelson. "Gender Differences and Pregnant Women in a Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) Clinic." Journal of Addictive Diseases, vol. 25, no. 2, 2006, pp. 39-45.
Peles E, Adelson M. Gender differences and pregnant women in a methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clinic. J Addict Dis. 2006;25(2):39-45.
Peles, E., & Adelson, M. (2006). Gender differences and pregnant women in a methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clinic. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 25(2), 39-45.
Peles E, Adelson M. Gender Differences and Pregnant Women in a Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) Clinic. J Addict Dis. 2006;25(2):39-45. PubMed PMID: 16785218.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Gender differences and pregnant women in a methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clinic. AU - Peles,Einat, AU - Adelson,Miriam, PY - 2006/6/21/pubmed PY - 2007/1/11/medline PY - 2006/6/21/entrez SP - 39 EP - 45 JF - Journal of addictive diseases JO - J Addict Dis VL - 25 IS - 2 N2 - We prospectively compared gender outcome among 470 MMT patients admitted between June 1993 and Dec 2002. Urine samples were analyzed for drug abuse after one month and after one year. On admission females 131(27.9%) were significantly younger (34.5 +/-7.5 years) than males 339(72.1%) (37.3 +/- 8.3 years) (ANOVA; F = 11, p = 0.001) and had significantly higher cocaine abuse (20% vs. 11.3%) (Fisher's Exact Test, p = 0.02). After one year, groups had: (a) similar retention in treatment (76.3%-females, 72.6%-males), (b) stop in opiate abuse (65%-females, 65.3%-males), (c) a net decrease in cocaine abuse (% positive that became negative minus % negative that became positive) (68.0%-females, 51.6%-males). Females who were admitted to treatment while pregnant (n = 45) were significantly younger (31.5 +/-5.4 years) compared to 86 non-pregnant (36.1 +/- 7.9, ANOVA F = 12.1, p = 0.001). We concluded that compared to males, females started MMT younger and had a higher proportion of cocaine abuse even though females' outcome were similar to males'. SN - 1055-0887 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16785218/Gender_differences_and_pregnant_women_in_a_methadone_maintenance_treatment__MMT__clinic_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1300/J069v25n02_06 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -