Entrapment neuropathies of the shoulder and elbow in the athlete.Clin Sports Med. 2006 Jul; 25(3):465-87, vi-vii.CS
MRI is a useful diagnostic method for evaluating nerve disease at the shoulder and elbow. MRI can depict the normal anatomy of the nerves, confirm and identify the cause of the neuropathy, identify the site of entrapment based on muscle denervation patterns, and detect unsuspected space-occupying lesions. MRI can also narrow down the differential diagnosis of nerve disease, such as in the case of suprascapular nerve syndrome versus Parsonage-Turner syndrome, or radial tunnel syndrome versus lateral epicondylitis. Large prospective studies with surgical correlation, however, are still necessary to better elucidate MRI's exact role in the assessment of entrapment neuropathies of the upper extremity.