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Longitudinal effects of pro-tobacco and anti-tobacco messages on adolescent smoking susceptibility.
Nicotine Tob Res. 2006 Jun; 8(3):455-65.NT

Abstract

We examined the longitudinal impact of self-reported exposure to pro- and anti-tobacco media on adolescents' susceptibility to smoking, using in-school surveys from a culturally diverse sample. Ethnicity and acculturation also were examined as potential moderators. Middle-school students (N = 2,292) completed self-report questionnaires during the 6th, 7th, and 8th grades. Chi-square analyses were conducted to determine whether reported exposure to pro- and anti-tobacco media varied according to ethnicity, acculturation, and immigration status. Logistic regression models were used to examine whether pro- and anti-tobacco media exposure in 6th grade was associated with susceptibility to smoking by later grades. Recall of people smoking in television programs and pro-tobacco advertisements in stores was associated with adolescent smoking susceptibility. Exposure to anti-tobacco advertisements on television protected against susceptibility. No significant interaction effects between pro- and anti-tobacco media exposure on smoking susceptibility were found. Ethnicity and acculturation did not moderate these associations. Our longitudinal study provides evidence that pro-tobacco media and advertising increases susceptibility to smoking over time. More important, anti-tobacco advertisements are not sufficient to reduce the harmful effects of adolescent exposure to pro-tobacco media. Policy-level interventions such as restrictions in tobacco advertising may be necessary to prevent adolescent smoking.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Kinesiology and Health Science, California State University, Fullerton, CA 92834, USA. jweiss@fullerton.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16801303

Citation

Weiss, Jie Wu, et al. "Longitudinal Effects of Pro-tobacco and Anti-tobacco Messages On Adolescent Smoking Susceptibility." Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, vol. 8, no. 3, 2006, pp. 455-65.
Weiss JW, Cen S, Schuster DV, et al. Longitudinal effects of pro-tobacco and anti-tobacco messages on adolescent smoking susceptibility. Nicotine Tob Res. 2006;8(3):455-65.
Weiss, J. W., Cen, S., Schuster, D. V., Unger, J. B., Johnson, C. A., Mouttapa, M., Schreiner, W. S., & Cruz, T. B. (2006). Longitudinal effects of pro-tobacco and anti-tobacco messages on adolescent smoking susceptibility. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, 8(3), 455-65.
Weiss JW, et al. Longitudinal Effects of Pro-tobacco and Anti-tobacco Messages On Adolescent Smoking Susceptibility. Nicotine Tob Res. 2006;8(3):455-65. PubMed PMID: 16801303.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Longitudinal effects of pro-tobacco and anti-tobacco messages on adolescent smoking susceptibility. AU - Weiss,Jie Wu, AU - Cen,Steven, AU - Schuster,Darleen V, AU - Unger,Jennifer B, AU - Johnson,C Anderson, AU - Mouttapa,Michele, AU - Schreiner,William S, AU - Cruz,Tess Boley, PY - 2006/6/28/pubmed PY - 2007/1/11/medline PY - 2006/6/28/entrez SP - 455 EP - 65 JF - Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco JO - Nicotine Tob Res VL - 8 IS - 3 N2 - We examined the longitudinal impact of self-reported exposure to pro- and anti-tobacco media on adolescents' susceptibility to smoking, using in-school surveys from a culturally diverse sample. Ethnicity and acculturation also were examined as potential moderators. Middle-school students (N = 2,292) completed self-report questionnaires during the 6th, 7th, and 8th grades. Chi-square analyses were conducted to determine whether reported exposure to pro- and anti-tobacco media varied according to ethnicity, acculturation, and immigration status. Logistic regression models were used to examine whether pro- and anti-tobacco media exposure in 6th grade was associated with susceptibility to smoking by later grades. Recall of people smoking in television programs and pro-tobacco advertisements in stores was associated with adolescent smoking susceptibility. Exposure to anti-tobacco advertisements on television protected against susceptibility. No significant interaction effects between pro- and anti-tobacco media exposure on smoking susceptibility were found. Ethnicity and acculturation did not moderate these associations. Our longitudinal study provides evidence that pro-tobacco media and advertising increases susceptibility to smoking over time. More important, anti-tobacco advertisements are not sufficient to reduce the harmful effects of adolescent exposure to pro-tobacco media. Policy-level interventions such as restrictions in tobacco advertising may be necessary to prevent adolescent smoking. SN - 1462-2203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16801303/Longitudinal_effects_of_pro_tobacco_and_anti_tobacco_messages_on_adolescent_smoking_susceptibility_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ntr/article-lookup/doi/10.1080/14622200600670454 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -