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Appearance of individual amino acid concentrations in arterial blood during steady-state infusions of different amino acid formulations to ICU patients in support of whole-body protein metabolism.
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2006 Jul-Aug; 30(4):277-85JJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Previous work has demonstrated a relationship between arterial amino acid concentrations and uptake of amino acids across peripheral tissues in healthy volunteers, as well as in chronically and acutely ill patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether different amino acid profiles in commercially available amino acid formulations are translated into significantly different arterial amino acid concentrations presumably high enough to promote protein metabolism in intensive care unit (ICU) patients.

METHODS

Nonprotein calories (60% glucose: 40% lipid) were simultaneously and constantly infused over 72 hours. Different free amino acid solutions were infused at random to each patient for 24 hours in order to determine the appearance of steady-state arterial concentrations of individual amino acids. Basal metabolic and nutrition states were defined after a 12-hour infusion period with glucose in each patient. Healthy volunteers receiving a standardized oral meal served as reference subjects in measurements of venous amino acid concentrations after normal oral food intake.

RESULTS

The sum of all amino acids in arterial plasma increased significantly during steady-state infusions of all the free amino acid solutions vs basal state in ICU patients. Only glutamine, taurine, and tyrosine did not increase at all vs basal state during steady-state infusions of the 3 formulations. Alanine, arginine, citrulline, glycine, histidine, serine, methionine, phenylalanine, valine, and ornithine showed different concentration among the amino acid solutions during infusions. Healthy volunteers had significantly higher overall concentrations of amino acids in both fasted and fed state compared with ICU patients, which indicates that free amino acid solutions remain a limiting component in artificial nutrition to patients to promote arterial amino acid concentrations in the artificially fed state.

CONCLUSIONS

It appears important to continue further improvement of composition profile in solutions of free amino acids to promote adequate uptake across organ beds in promotion of protein balance in artificially nourished patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Surgery, Surgical Metabolic Research Laboratory at Lunderberg Laboratory for Cancer Research, Göteborg, Sweden.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16804124

Citation

Iresjö, Britt-Marie, et al. "Appearance of Individual Amino Acid Concentrations in Arterial Blood During Steady-state Infusions of Different Amino Acid Formulations to ICU Patients in Support of Whole-body Protein Metabolism." JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, vol. 30, no. 4, 2006, pp. 277-85.
Iresjö BM, Körner U, Larsson B, et al. Appearance of individual amino acid concentrations in arterial blood during steady-state infusions of different amino acid formulations to ICU patients in support of whole-body protein metabolism. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2006;30(4):277-85.
Iresjö, B. M., Körner, U., Larsson, B., Henriksson, B. A., & Lundholm, K. (2006). Appearance of individual amino acid concentrations in arterial blood during steady-state infusions of different amino acid formulations to ICU patients in support of whole-body protein metabolism. JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 30(4), pp. 277-85.
Iresjö BM, et al. Appearance of Individual Amino Acid Concentrations in Arterial Blood During Steady-state Infusions of Different Amino Acid Formulations to ICU Patients in Support of Whole-body Protein Metabolism. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2006;30(4):277-85. PubMed PMID: 16804124.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Appearance of individual amino acid concentrations in arterial blood during steady-state infusions of different amino acid formulations to ICU patients in support of whole-body protein metabolism. AU - Iresjö,Britt-Marie, AU - Körner,Ulla, AU - Larsson,Bo, AU - Henriksson,Bengt-Ake, AU - Lundholm,Kent, PY - 2006/6/29/pubmed PY - 2006/12/9/medline PY - 2006/6/29/entrez SP - 277 EP - 85 JF - JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition JO - JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr VL - 30 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Previous work has demonstrated a relationship between arterial amino acid concentrations and uptake of amino acids across peripheral tissues in healthy volunteers, as well as in chronically and acutely ill patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether different amino acid profiles in commercially available amino acid formulations are translated into significantly different arterial amino acid concentrations presumably high enough to promote protein metabolism in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS: Nonprotein calories (60% glucose: 40% lipid) were simultaneously and constantly infused over 72 hours. Different free amino acid solutions were infused at random to each patient for 24 hours in order to determine the appearance of steady-state arterial concentrations of individual amino acids. Basal metabolic and nutrition states were defined after a 12-hour infusion period with glucose in each patient. Healthy volunteers receiving a standardized oral meal served as reference subjects in measurements of venous amino acid concentrations after normal oral food intake. RESULTS: The sum of all amino acids in arterial plasma increased significantly during steady-state infusions of all the free amino acid solutions vs basal state in ICU patients. Only glutamine, taurine, and tyrosine did not increase at all vs basal state during steady-state infusions of the 3 formulations. Alanine, arginine, citrulline, glycine, histidine, serine, methionine, phenylalanine, valine, and ornithine showed different concentration among the amino acid solutions during infusions. Healthy volunteers had significantly higher overall concentrations of amino acids in both fasted and fed state compared with ICU patients, which indicates that free amino acid solutions remain a limiting component in artificial nutrition to patients to promote arterial amino acid concentrations in the artificially fed state. CONCLUSIONS: It appears important to continue further improvement of composition profile in solutions of free amino acids to promote adequate uptake across organ beds in promotion of protein balance in artificially nourished patients. SN - 0148-6071 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16804124/Appearance_of_individual_amino_acid_concentrations_in_arterial_blood_during_steady_state_infusions_of_different_amino_acid_formulations_to_ICU_patients_in_support_of_whole_body_protein_metabolism_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=16804124.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -