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Impact of seafood and fruit consumption on bone mineral density.
Maturitas 2007; 56(1):1-11M

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Over the past decade, dietary choices and nutrition have proven to be major modulators of bone mineral density (BMD) in men and women. We investigated environmental determinants, specifically dietary habits, of BMD by using multiple regression models in a rural Chinese population.

METHODS

BMDs were measured at the hip and total body in 5848 men and 6207 women, aged 25-64. Dietary and supplemental intakes were assessed by a simple, one-page questionnaire tailored to collect nutritional information from large rural populations. Another questionnaire was used to collect information on the subjects' age, disease history, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity as well as women's menstrual status and reproductive history. Multiple regression models were used to assess the relationships among dietary variables and BMD, after adjusting for age, BMI (body mass index), weight, occupation, smoking status, and alcohol consumption.

RESULTS

Increasing seafood consumption was significantly associated with greater BMD in women (p<0.001), especially those consuming more than 250 g per week of seafood. One thousand and three hundred and twenty-four men and 1479 women consumed >250 g of fruit per week. Higher fruit intake was found to be significantly associated with higher BMD in both sexes (p<0.05). High vegetable consumption, however, did not positively impact BMD.

CONCLUSIONS

This study with its large population size has identified preventive measures, as well as some risk factors, involved in bone loss and osteoporosis. Our results highlight the importance of several dietary variables as significant determinants of BMD. It also emphasizes the role of dietary intake in general and shows that specific foods, such as fruits and seafood, can positively impact BMD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Program for Population Genetics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16806750

Citation

Zalloua, Pierre A., et al. "Impact of Seafood and Fruit Consumption On Bone Mineral Density." Maturitas, vol. 56, no. 1, 2007, pp. 1-11.
Zalloua PA, Hsu YH, Terwedow H, et al. Impact of seafood and fruit consumption on bone mineral density. Maturitas. 2007;56(1):1-11.
Zalloua, P. A., Hsu, Y. H., Terwedow, H., Zang, T., Wu, D., Tang, G., ... Xu, X. (2007). Impact of seafood and fruit consumption on bone mineral density. Maturitas, 56(1), pp. 1-11.
Zalloua PA, et al. Impact of Seafood and Fruit Consumption On Bone Mineral Density. Maturitas. 2007 Jan 20;56(1):1-11. PubMed PMID: 16806750.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Impact of seafood and fruit consumption on bone mineral density. AU - Zalloua,Pierre A, AU - Hsu,Yi-Hsiang, AU - Terwedow,Henry, AU - Zang,Tonghua, AU - Wu,Di, AU - Tang,Genfu, AU - Li,Zhiping, AU - Hong,Xiumei, AU - Azar,Sami T, AU - Wang,Binyan, AU - Bouxsein,Mary L, AU - Brain,Joseph, AU - Cummings,Steven R, AU - Rosen,Clifford J, AU - Xu,Xiping, Y1 - 2006/06/27/ PY - 2005/05/11/received PY - 2006/04/26/revised PY - 2006/05/09/accepted PY - 2006/6/30/pubmed PY - 2007/2/28/medline PY - 2006/6/30/entrez SP - 1 EP - 11 JF - Maturitas JO - Maturitas VL - 56 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Over the past decade, dietary choices and nutrition have proven to be major modulators of bone mineral density (BMD) in men and women. We investigated environmental determinants, specifically dietary habits, of BMD by using multiple regression models in a rural Chinese population. METHODS: BMDs were measured at the hip and total body in 5848 men and 6207 women, aged 25-64. Dietary and supplemental intakes were assessed by a simple, one-page questionnaire tailored to collect nutritional information from large rural populations. Another questionnaire was used to collect information on the subjects' age, disease history, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity as well as women's menstrual status and reproductive history. Multiple regression models were used to assess the relationships among dietary variables and BMD, after adjusting for age, BMI (body mass index), weight, occupation, smoking status, and alcohol consumption. RESULTS: Increasing seafood consumption was significantly associated with greater BMD in women (p<0.001), especially those consuming more than 250 g per week of seafood. One thousand and three hundred and twenty-four men and 1479 women consumed >250 g of fruit per week. Higher fruit intake was found to be significantly associated with higher BMD in both sexes (p<0.05). High vegetable consumption, however, did not positively impact BMD. CONCLUSIONS: This study with its large population size has identified preventive measures, as well as some risk factors, involved in bone loss and osteoporosis. Our results highlight the importance of several dietary variables as significant determinants of BMD. It also emphasizes the role of dietary intake in general and shows that specific foods, such as fruits and seafood, can positively impact BMD. SN - 0378-5122 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16806750/Impact_of_seafood_and_fruit_consumption_on_bone_mineral_density_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0378-5122(06)00193-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -