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Examination of the decline in fear and disgust during exposure to threat-relevant stimuli in blood-injection-injury phobia.
J Anxiety Disord. 2007; 21(3):445-55.JA

Abstract

In the present study, participants (N=22) displaying marked fear of blood-injection-injury (BII) stimuli were provided 30 min of in vivo exposure to threat-relevant stimuli, during which time their fear and disgust levels were repeatedly assessed. Growth curve analyses were then conducted to examine the decay slopes in both fear and disgust and their relationship. Results indicated that exposure led to significant declines in fear and disgust across trials. However, the decay slope observed for fear was significantly greater than that for disgust. Further analyses revealed that the decline in fear across trials remained significant after accounting for the changes in disgust. However, the effect of trial on disgust was no longer significant after controlling for the reduction in fear. Global disgust sensitivity levels prior to exposure did not moderate the level of fear activation or fear reduction during exposure. BII-specific digust sensitivity was also not associated with initial levels of fear. However, levels of BII-specific disgust sensitivity were independently negatively associated with fear decline. Theoretical and clinical implications of the findings are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, United States. oolatun@uark.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16806801

Citation

Olatunji, Bunmi O., et al. "Examination of the Decline in Fear and Disgust During Exposure to Threat-relevant Stimuli in Blood-injection-injury Phobia." Journal of Anxiety Disorders, vol. 21, no. 3, 2007, pp. 445-55.
Olatunji BO, Smits JA, Connolly K, et al. Examination of the decline in fear and disgust during exposure to threat-relevant stimuli in blood-injection-injury phobia. J Anxiety Disord. 2007;21(3):445-55.
Olatunji, B. O., Smits, J. A., Connolly, K., Willems, J., & Lohr, J. M. (2007). Examination of the decline in fear and disgust during exposure to threat-relevant stimuli in blood-injection-injury phobia. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 21(3), 445-55.
Olatunji BO, et al. Examination of the Decline in Fear and Disgust During Exposure to Threat-relevant Stimuli in Blood-injection-injury Phobia. J Anxiety Disord. 2007;21(3):445-55. PubMed PMID: 16806801.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Examination of the decline in fear and disgust during exposure to threat-relevant stimuli in blood-injection-injury phobia. AU - Olatunji,Bunmi O, AU - Smits,Jasper A J, AU - Connolly,Kevin, AU - Willems,Jeffrey, AU - Lohr,Jeffrey M, Y1 - 2006/06/27/ PY - 2006/05/05/received PY - 2006/05/08/revised PY - 2006/05/09/accepted PY - 2006/6/30/pubmed PY - 2007/7/4/medline PY - 2006/6/30/entrez SP - 445 EP - 55 JF - Journal of anxiety disorders JO - J Anxiety Disord VL - 21 IS - 3 N2 - In the present study, participants (N=22) displaying marked fear of blood-injection-injury (BII) stimuli were provided 30 min of in vivo exposure to threat-relevant stimuli, during which time their fear and disgust levels were repeatedly assessed. Growth curve analyses were then conducted to examine the decay slopes in both fear and disgust and their relationship. Results indicated that exposure led to significant declines in fear and disgust across trials. However, the decay slope observed for fear was significantly greater than that for disgust. Further analyses revealed that the decline in fear across trials remained significant after accounting for the changes in disgust. However, the effect of trial on disgust was no longer significant after controlling for the reduction in fear. Global disgust sensitivity levels prior to exposure did not moderate the level of fear activation or fear reduction during exposure. BII-specific digust sensitivity was also not associated with initial levels of fear. However, levels of BII-specific disgust sensitivity were independently negatively associated with fear decline. Theoretical and clinical implications of the findings are discussed. SN - 0887-6185 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16806801/Examination_of_the_decline_in_fear_and_disgust_during_exposure_to_threat_relevant_stimuli_in_blood_injection_injury_phobia_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0887-6185(06)00082-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -