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Evaluating the Theory of Planned Behavior to explain intention to engage in premarital sex amongst Korean college students: a questionnaire survey.
Int J Nurs Stud. 2007 Sep; 44(7):1147-57.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

To reduce risky adolescent sexual behavior, education programs must be tailored to specific cultures and stage of adolescence.

OBJECTIVES

This study describes the self-reported sexual behavior of Korean college students and examines the efficiency of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TpB) in explaining intention of engaging in premarital sex in order to provide insights for a potential sex education program designed to reduce risky sexual behavior.

DESIGN

A cross-sectional, correlational design using an exploratory survey method was used.

PARTICIPANTS

Participants were recruited from a university in Korea with a flyer posted at the entrance of the student health service center, and self-referral in 2004. Male and female unmarried college students aged 18 to 25 were included. Foreign students and students with visible physical problems were excluded. Three hundred and twenty of 550 students returned the questionnaire packets. Final data analysis included 298 students after deleting incomplete data.

METHODS

Participants completed six questionnaires: (1) Background and Sexual Behavior Questionnaire, including items related to perceived risk of sexual behavior, (2) Parent-Adolescent Communication Scale, and four scales related to TpB construct: (3) modified Premarital Sexual Attitude Scale, (4) Referent group Approval of Sex Behavior Scale, (5) Sexual Abstinence Efficacy Scale and (6) modified version of Doswell's Intention of Sexual Behavior Scale.

RESULTS

Premarital sexual attitude, abstinence self-efficacy and referent group norms were significant predictors of intention of premarital sex for male students with a large effect, but only attitude and norms predicted intention of premarital sex for female students.

CONCLUSION

The TpB may be an effective theory to guide the development of theory-driven sexual abstinence interventions to reduce risky sexual behavior for Korean males, while the Theory of Reasoned Action may be an effective theory for Korean females.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Chung-Ang University, # 506 Department of Nursing School of Medicine, 221 Heukseok-dong Dongjakgu, Seoul, 156-756, Republic of Korea. euc6@cau.ac.krNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16814789

Citation

Cha, Eun Seok, et al. "Evaluating the Theory of Planned Behavior to Explain Intention to Engage in Premarital Sex Amongst Korean College Students: a Questionnaire Survey." International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 44, no. 7, 2007, pp. 1147-57.
Cha ES, Doswell WM, Kim KH, et al. Evaluating the Theory of Planned Behavior to explain intention to engage in premarital sex amongst Korean college students: a questionnaire survey. Int J Nurs Stud. 2007;44(7):1147-57.
Cha, E. S., Doswell, W. M., Kim, K. H., Charron-Prochownik, D., & Patrick, T. E. (2007). Evaluating the Theory of Planned Behavior to explain intention to engage in premarital sex amongst Korean college students: a questionnaire survey. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 44(7), 1147-57.
Cha ES, et al. Evaluating the Theory of Planned Behavior to Explain Intention to Engage in Premarital Sex Amongst Korean College Students: a Questionnaire Survey. Int J Nurs Stud. 2007;44(7):1147-57. PubMed PMID: 16814789.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluating the Theory of Planned Behavior to explain intention to engage in premarital sex amongst Korean college students: a questionnaire survey. AU - Cha,Eun Seok, AU - Doswell,Willa M, AU - Kim,Kevin H, AU - Charron-Prochownik,Denise, AU - Patrick,Thelma E, Y1 - 2006/06/30/ PY - 2005/12/17/received PY - 2006/04/23/revised PY - 2006/04/27/accepted PY - 2006/7/4/pubmed PY - 2007/11/6/medline PY - 2006/7/4/entrez SP - 1147 EP - 57 JF - International journal of nursing studies JO - Int J Nurs Stud VL - 44 IS - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: To reduce risky adolescent sexual behavior, education programs must be tailored to specific cultures and stage of adolescence. OBJECTIVES: This study describes the self-reported sexual behavior of Korean college students and examines the efficiency of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TpB) in explaining intention of engaging in premarital sex in order to provide insights for a potential sex education program designed to reduce risky sexual behavior. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, correlational design using an exploratory survey method was used. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were recruited from a university in Korea with a flyer posted at the entrance of the student health service center, and self-referral in 2004. Male and female unmarried college students aged 18 to 25 were included. Foreign students and students with visible physical problems were excluded. Three hundred and twenty of 550 students returned the questionnaire packets. Final data analysis included 298 students after deleting incomplete data. METHODS: Participants completed six questionnaires: (1) Background and Sexual Behavior Questionnaire, including items related to perceived risk of sexual behavior, (2) Parent-Adolescent Communication Scale, and four scales related to TpB construct: (3) modified Premarital Sexual Attitude Scale, (4) Referent group Approval of Sex Behavior Scale, (5) Sexual Abstinence Efficacy Scale and (6) modified version of Doswell's Intention of Sexual Behavior Scale. RESULTS: Premarital sexual attitude, abstinence self-efficacy and referent group norms were significant predictors of intention of premarital sex for male students with a large effect, but only attitude and norms predicted intention of premarital sex for female students. CONCLUSION: The TpB may be an effective theory to guide the development of theory-driven sexual abstinence interventions to reduce risky sexual behavior for Korean males, while the Theory of Reasoned Action may be an effective theory for Korean females. SN - 0020-7489 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16814789/Evaluating_the_Theory_of_Planned_Behavior_to_explain_intention_to_engage_in_premarital_sex_amongst_Korean_college_students:_a_questionnaire_survey_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0020-7489(06)00130-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -