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Fiber intake, constipation, and overweight among adolescents living in Sao Paulo City.
Nutrition 2006 Jul-Aug; 22(7-8):744-9N

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study evaluated the dietary fiber intake of adolescents in the metropolitan area of Sao Paulo city and any association between low dietary fiber intake with constipation and overweight.

METHODS

In total, 716 adolescents were included within the study, of whom 314 attended private school and 402 attended public school. Evaluation of fiber intake was based on a 24-h daily intake record and a frequency questionnaire. Data concerning bowel movements and height and weight measurements were also taken.

RESULTS

Fiber consumption, below that recommended ("age + 5"), was found in 61.8% and 41.4% (P = 0.000) of girls attending private and public schools, respectively, and in 44.1% and 25.6% of boys (P = 0.001). Adolescents who did not eat beans on more than 4 d/wk presented a higher risk of fiber intake below that recommended (age + 5; P < 0.05), with odds ratios ranging from 10.4 to 14.2 according gender and private or public schooling. Dietary fiber intake below that recommended was associated with a greater risk (P < 0.05) toward overweight in students attending public schooling (odds ratios 2.84 and 2.95 for males and females, respectively). Low dietary fiber intake was not associated with constipation.

CONCLUSION

Intake of beans more than four times per week is associated with the appropriate level of fiber intake. Dietary fiber intake below the recommendation was not associated with constipation but was associated with being overweight among those students attending public schooling.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Postgraduate Course of Nutrition, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16815488

Citation

de Carvalho, Erica Bloes, et al. "Fiber Intake, Constipation, and Overweight Among Adolescents Living in Sao Paulo City." Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), vol. 22, no. 7-8, 2006, pp. 744-9.
de Carvalho EB, Vitolo MR, Gama CM, et al. Fiber intake, constipation, and overweight among adolescents living in Sao Paulo City. Nutrition. 2006;22(7-8):744-9.
de Carvalho, E. B., Vitolo, M. R., Gama, C. M., Lopez, F. A., Taddei, J. A., & de Morais, M. B. (2006). Fiber intake, constipation, and overweight among adolescents living in Sao Paulo City. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 22(7-8), pp. 744-9.
de Carvalho EB, et al. Fiber Intake, Constipation, and Overweight Among Adolescents Living in Sao Paulo City. Nutrition. 2006;22(7-8):744-9. PubMed PMID: 16815488.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fiber intake, constipation, and overweight among adolescents living in Sao Paulo City. AU - de Carvalho,Erica Bloes, AU - Vitolo,Márcia Regina, AU - Gama,Cíntia Mendes, AU - Lopez,Fabio Ancona, AU - Taddei,José Augusto C, AU - de Morais,Mauro Batista, PY - 2005/11/23/received PY - 2006/04/21/revised PY - 2006/05/03/accepted PY - 2006/7/4/pubmed PY - 2006/12/9/medline PY - 2006/7/4/entrez SP - 744 EP - 9 JF - Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.) JO - Nutrition VL - 22 IS - 7-8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the dietary fiber intake of adolescents in the metropolitan area of Sao Paulo city and any association between low dietary fiber intake with constipation and overweight. METHODS: In total, 716 adolescents were included within the study, of whom 314 attended private school and 402 attended public school. Evaluation of fiber intake was based on a 24-h daily intake record and a frequency questionnaire. Data concerning bowel movements and height and weight measurements were also taken. RESULTS: Fiber consumption, below that recommended ("age + 5"), was found in 61.8% and 41.4% (P = 0.000) of girls attending private and public schools, respectively, and in 44.1% and 25.6% of boys (P = 0.001). Adolescents who did not eat beans on more than 4 d/wk presented a higher risk of fiber intake below that recommended (age + 5; P < 0.05), with odds ratios ranging from 10.4 to 14.2 according gender and private or public schooling. Dietary fiber intake below that recommended was associated with a greater risk (P < 0.05) toward overweight in students attending public schooling (odds ratios 2.84 and 2.95 for males and females, respectively). Low dietary fiber intake was not associated with constipation. CONCLUSION: Intake of beans more than four times per week is associated with the appropriate level of fiber intake. Dietary fiber intake below the recommendation was not associated with constipation but was associated with being overweight among those students attending public schooling. SN - 0899-9007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16815488/Fiber_intake_constipation_and_overweight_among_adolescents_living_in_Sao_Paulo_City_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0899-9007(06)00220-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -