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Dietary folate and vitamins B12, B6, and B2 intake and the risk of postpartum depression in Japan: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study.
J Affect Disord 2006; 96(1-2):133-8JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Previous studies showed an inverse association between folate intake and depression. However, epidemiological evidence for folate intake and postpartum depression is unavailable. This prospective study examined the relationship of dietary consumption of folate and B vitamins during pregnancy with the risk of postpartum depression.

METHODS

Study subjects were 865 Japanese women. Dietary data were obtained during pregnancy from a validated self-administered diet history questionnaire. Postpartum depression was defined as present when subjects had an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score of 9 or higher between 2 and 9 months postpartum. Adjustment was made for age, gestation, parity, cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, family structure, family income, education, changes in diet in the previous 1 month, season when data at baseline were collected, body mass index, time of delivery before the second survey, medical problems in pregnancy, baby's sex, and baby's birth weight.

RESULTS

Postpartum depression developed in 121 subjects (14.0%) 2 to 9 months postpartum. There was no measurable association between intake of folate, cobalamin, or pyridoxine and the risk of postpartum depression. Compared with riboflavin intake in the first quartile, only riboflavin consumption in the third quartile was independently related to a decreased risk of postpartum depression (multivariate odds ratio: 0.53, 95% CI: 0.29-0.95, P for trend=0.55).

LIMITATIONS

Personal and family psychiatric history, sociocultural factors, and personal and family relations were not controlled for. The possibility of misclassification of dietary information during pregnancy should be considered.

CONCLUSIONS

Our results suggest that moderate consumption of riboflavin may be protective against postpartum depression.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka 814-0180, Fukuoka, Japan. miyake-y@fukuoka-u.ac.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16815556

Citation

Miyake, Yoshihiro, et al. "Dietary Folate and Vitamins B12, B6, and B2 Intake and the Risk of Postpartum Depression in Japan: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study." Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 96, no. 1-2, 2006, pp. 133-8.
Miyake Y, Sasaki S, Tanaka K, et al. Dietary folate and vitamins B12, B6, and B2 intake and the risk of postpartum depression in Japan: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. J Affect Disord. 2006;96(1-2):133-8.
Miyake, Y., Sasaki, S., Tanaka, K., Yokoyama, T., Ohya, Y., Fukushima, W., ... Hirota, Y. (2006). Dietary folate and vitamins B12, B6, and B2 intake and the risk of postpartum depression in Japan: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 96(1-2), pp. 133-8.
Miyake Y, et al. Dietary Folate and Vitamins B12, B6, and B2 Intake and the Risk of Postpartum Depression in Japan: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. J Affect Disord. 2006;96(1-2):133-8. PubMed PMID: 16815556.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary folate and vitamins B12, B6, and B2 intake and the risk of postpartum depression in Japan: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. AU - Miyake,Yoshihiro, AU - Sasaki,Satoshi, AU - Tanaka,Keiko, AU - Yokoyama,Tetsuji, AU - Ohya,Yukihiro, AU - Fukushima,Wakaba, AU - Saito,Kyoko, AU - Ohfuji,Satoko, AU - Kiyohara,Chikako, AU - Hirota,Yoshio, AU - ,, Y1 - 2006/07/11/ PY - 2006/03/02/received PY - 2006/05/19/revised PY - 2006/05/25/accepted PY - 2006/7/4/pubmed PY - 2007/2/13/medline PY - 2006/7/4/entrez SP - 133 EP - 8 JF - Journal of affective disorders JO - J Affect Disord VL - 96 IS - 1-2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed an inverse association between folate intake and depression. However, epidemiological evidence for folate intake and postpartum depression is unavailable. This prospective study examined the relationship of dietary consumption of folate and B vitamins during pregnancy with the risk of postpartum depression. METHODS: Study subjects were 865 Japanese women. Dietary data were obtained during pregnancy from a validated self-administered diet history questionnaire. Postpartum depression was defined as present when subjects had an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score of 9 or higher between 2 and 9 months postpartum. Adjustment was made for age, gestation, parity, cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, family structure, family income, education, changes in diet in the previous 1 month, season when data at baseline were collected, body mass index, time of delivery before the second survey, medical problems in pregnancy, baby's sex, and baby's birth weight. RESULTS: Postpartum depression developed in 121 subjects (14.0%) 2 to 9 months postpartum. There was no measurable association between intake of folate, cobalamin, or pyridoxine and the risk of postpartum depression. Compared with riboflavin intake in the first quartile, only riboflavin consumption in the third quartile was independently related to a decreased risk of postpartum depression (multivariate odds ratio: 0.53, 95% CI: 0.29-0.95, P for trend=0.55). LIMITATIONS: Personal and family psychiatric history, sociocultural factors, and personal and family relations were not controlled for. The possibility of misclassification of dietary information during pregnancy should be considered. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that moderate consumption of riboflavin may be protective against postpartum depression. SN - 0165-0327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16815556/Dietary_folate_and_vitamins_B12_B6_and_B2_intake_and_the_risk_of_postpartum_depression_in_Japan:_the_Osaka_Maternal_and_Child_Health_Study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-0327(06)00256-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -