Lack of effect of 4 weeks of oral H1 antagonist on bronchial responsiveness.Eur Respir J. 1991 May; 4(5):575-9.ER
Ten patients with stable chronic asthma completed a randomized double-blind placebo controlled crossover study examining the effect of 120mg terfenadine twice daily for 4 weeks on bronchial responsiveness. Bronchial responsiveness was measured by methacholine inhalation tests performed by the tidal breathing technique at 0, 2 and 4 weeks of active and placebo treatment periods separated by a one week washout period. There were no significant differences in mean baseline forced expired volume in 1 sec (FEV1) for placebo and terfenadine treatments (p greater than 0.05) and there were no differences between geometric mean provocative concentrations of methacholine to cause a 20% fall in FEV1 (PC20M) at 2 and 4 weeks of terfenadine (0.89 and 0.99 mg.ml.1) from placebo (0.94 and 0.84 mg.ml.1) (p greater than 0.05). Examination of individual PC20M values during terfenadine treatment showed that 5 patients had PC20M's outside their 95% confidence interval; 2 increased both 2 and 4 week values, 1 increased one value and 2 decreased one value each. It is concluded that terfenadine does not produce clinically significant changes in stable asthmatics.