Early discrimination reversal learning impairment and preserved spatial learning in a longitudinal study of Tg2576 APPsw mice.Neurobiol Aging. 2007 Aug; 28(8):1248-57.NA
To understand the relationship between amyloid-beta and cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease, we evaluated cortical and hippocampal function in a transgenic mouse model of amyloid over-expression in Alzheimer's disease, the Tg2576 mouse. Tg2576 mice and their non-transgenic littermates were assessed at both 6 and 14 months of age in a battery of cognitive tests: attentional set-shifting, water maze spatial reference memory and T-maze working memory. Spatial reference memory was not affected by Tg status at either age. Working memory was only affected by age, with 6-month-old mice performing better than 14-month-old ones. Older mice were also significantly impaired on reversal learning and on the intra- and extra-dimensional shift in attentional set-shifting. A significant transgene effect was apparent in reversal learning, with Tg2576 mice requiring more trials to reach criterion at 6 months old. These data indicate that the effects of normal aging in C57B6xSJL F1 mice are most pronounced on putative frontal cortex-dependent tasks and that increasing Abeta load only affects discrimination reversal learning in our study.