Factors that influence morbidity and mortality in severe preeclampsia, eclampsia and hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count syndrome.Saudi Med J. 2006 Jul; 27(7):1015-8.SM
To evaluate the prognostic factors affecting morbidity and mortality in severe preeclampsia, eclampsia and hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome cases.
We retrospectively evaluated, 2245 cases who delivered in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Cukurova University, Turkey between January and December 2002. Ninety-three cases had severe preeclampsia, 26 cases eclampsia, 19 cases HELLP syndrome, and 6 cases with eclampsia and HELLP syndrome were included in this study. The pregnancy induced hypertension cases were evaluated retrospectively for socioeconomic status, obstetrical history, biochemical parameters, and maternal complications.
The incidence of preeclampsia was 20.1% (453/2245), the incidence of severe preeclampsia, eclampsia, and HELLP syndrome was 6.4% (144/2245). These ratios are higher than that reported in the English literature. The complication rate was 38% in severe preeclampsia cases. Among the severe preeclampsia cases, 32 had eclampsia (22.1%), and 25 had HELLP syndrome (17.3%).
The most important biochemical marker for maternal mortality is bilirubin levels. Maternal mortality was statistically higher in cases with jaundice. Also, there was a statistically significant relation between maternal complications and liver function tests, lactate dehydrogenase levels, and low platelet levels.