Effects of soy protein and genistein on blood glucose, antioxidant enzyme activities, and lipid profile in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.Life Sci. 2006 Sep 13; 79(16):1578-84.LS
In the current study, the effect of soy protein and genistein, one of the main isoflavones in soybeans, on blood glucose, lipid profile, and antioxidant enzyme activities in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats was investigated. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into nondiabetic control, STZ, STZ-genistein supplemented group (STZ-G; 600 mg/kg diet), and STZ-isolated soy protein supplemented group (STZ-ISP; 200 g/kg diet). Diabetes was induced by a single injection of STZ (50 mg/kg BW) freshly dissolved in 0.1 mol/L citrate buffer (pH 4.5) into the intraperitonium. Diabetes was confirmed by measuring the fasting blood glucose concentration 48-h post-injection. The rats with blood glucose level above 350 mg/dL were considered to be diabetic. Genistein and ISP were supplemented in the diet for 3 weeks. The supplementation of genistein and ISP increased the plasma insulin level but decreased the HbA(IC) level of the STZ-induced diabetic rats. The supplementation of genistein and ISP increased the glucokinase level of the STZ-induced diabetic rats. A significant reduction in glucose-6-phosphatase was observed in the groups treated with genistein and ISP in comparison with the diabetic control group. Hepatic superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase activities of the STZ-induced diabetic rats were significantly decreased in comparison with the control rats. Administering genistein and ISP to the STZ-induced diabetic rats significantly increased those enzyme activities. The concentration of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances in the STZ-induced diabetic rats was significantly elevated, while the genistein and ISP supplement decreased it to the control concentration. Genistein and ISP supplements seem to be beneficial for correcting the hyperglycemia and preventing diabetic complications.