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Comparison of the breastfeeding patterns of mothers who delivered their babies per vagina and via cesarean section: an observational study using the LATCH breastfeeding charting system.
Int J Nurs Stud. 2007 Sep; 44(7):1128-37.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Breastfeeding has many advantages for both mothers and infants. Several factors related to the mother and the baby, however, have a negative effect on the initiation of breastfeeding. Mode of delivery is one of these factors. When delivery takes place by cesarean section, the mother becomes a surgical patient with all the inherent risks and problems. Cesarean delivery under general anesthesia rates are currently rising our country, but the effects of this factor on the initiation and duration of breastfeeding are unclear.

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this study was to assess and compare the breastfeeding process in mothers who had cesarean deliveries (CD) with those who delivered vaginally (VD).

DESIGN

This study is an observational and comparative study.

SETTING

The environment of the research was the private hospital in Istanbul.

PARTICIPANTS

The samples in the research were volunteer participant mothers who were delivered of healthy neonates. There were 118 incidents of CD under general anesthesia and 82 of VD chosen for the study.

METHODS

Data was obtained using an "Introductory Information Form" which was prepared as suggested by related literature, and by using the "(LATCH) Breastfeeding Charting System."

RESULTS

According to the LATCH Scoring System, the average score for the first breastfeeding was 6.27 and 8.81 for the third in CD mothers and 7.46 for the first breastfeeding and 9.70 for the third in VD mothers. Statistically meaningful differences were defined between the first (t=10.48; p<.001), second (t=7.82; p<.001), and third (t=7.12; p<.001) breastfeeding sessions in both CD and VD mothers.

CONCLUSIONS

It was found that the pattern of delivery affects breastfeeding and that CD mothers need more support and help as compared to VD mothers. CD mothers were seen to need more support, particularly in positioning their babies for breastfeeding.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Kent Hospital Neonatal Unit, Izmir, Turkey.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16839557

Citation

Cakmak, Havva, and Sema Kuguoglu. "Comparison of the Breastfeeding Patterns of Mothers Who Delivered Their Babies Per Vagina and Via Cesarean Section: an Observational Study Using the LATCH Breastfeeding Charting System." International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 44, no. 7, 2007, pp. 1128-37.
Cakmak H, Kuguoglu S. Comparison of the breastfeeding patterns of mothers who delivered their babies per vagina and via cesarean section: an observational study using the LATCH breastfeeding charting system. Int J Nurs Stud. 2007;44(7):1128-37.
Cakmak, H., & Kuguoglu, S. (2007). Comparison of the breastfeeding patterns of mothers who delivered their babies per vagina and via cesarean section: an observational study using the LATCH breastfeeding charting system. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 44(7), 1128-37.
Cakmak H, Kuguoglu S. Comparison of the Breastfeeding Patterns of Mothers Who Delivered Their Babies Per Vagina and Via Cesarean Section: an Observational Study Using the LATCH Breastfeeding Charting System. Int J Nurs Stud. 2007;44(7):1128-37. PubMed PMID: 16839557.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of the breastfeeding patterns of mothers who delivered their babies per vagina and via cesarean section: an observational study using the LATCH breastfeeding charting system. AU - Cakmak,Havva, AU - Kuguoglu,Sema, Y1 - 2006/07/11/ PY - 2005/05/06/received PY - 2006/04/12/revised PY - 2006/04/27/accepted PY - 2006/7/15/pubmed PY - 2007/11/6/medline PY - 2006/7/15/entrez SP - 1128 EP - 37 JF - International journal of nursing studies JO - Int J Nurs Stud VL - 44 IS - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding has many advantages for both mothers and infants. Several factors related to the mother and the baby, however, have a negative effect on the initiation of breastfeeding. Mode of delivery is one of these factors. When delivery takes place by cesarean section, the mother becomes a surgical patient with all the inherent risks and problems. Cesarean delivery under general anesthesia rates are currently rising our country, but the effects of this factor on the initiation and duration of breastfeeding are unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess and compare the breastfeeding process in mothers who had cesarean deliveries (CD) with those who delivered vaginally (VD). DESIGN: This study is an observational and comparative study. SETTING: The environment of the research was the private hospital in Istanbul. PARTICIPANTS: The samples in the research were volunteer participant mothers who were delivered of healthy neonates. There were 118 incidents of CD under general anesthesia and 82 of VD chosen for the study. METHODS: Data was obtained using an "Introductory Information Form" which was prepared as suggested by related literature, and by using the "(LATCH) Breastfeeding Charting System." RESULTS: According to the LATCH Scoring System, the average score for the first breastfeeding was 6.27 and 8.81 for the third in CD mothers and 7.46 for the first breastfeeding and 9.70 for the third in VD mothers. Statistically meaningful differences were defined between the first (t=10.48; p<.001), second (t=7.82; p<.001), and third (t=7.12; p<.001) breastfeeding sessions in both CD and VD mothers. CONCLUSIONS: It was found that the pattern of delivery affects breastfeeding and that CD mothers need more support and help as compared to VD mothers. CD mothers were seen to need more support, particularly in positioning their babies for breastfeeding. SN - 0020-7489 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16839557/Comparison_of_the_breastfeeding_patterns_of_mothers_who_delivered_their_babies_per_vagina_and_via_cesarean_section:_an_observational_study_using_the_LATCH_breastfeeding_charting_system_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0020-7489(06)00134-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -