[Role and regulation of dopamine D1 receptors in the striatum: implications for the genesis of dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease].Rev Neurol (Paris). 2006 Jun; 162(6-7):691-702.RN
L-dopa treatment of Parkinson's disease is complicated in the long term by the appearance of dyskinesia. Hypersensitivity of D1 dopamine receptor has been suggested to play a role in these delayed adverse effects. Hypersensitivity of dopamine D1 receptor in Parkinson's disease can be accounted for by increased levels of Galphaolf, the stimulatory G protein which couples D1 receptor to adenylyl cyclase in the striatum. We here discuss the possible role of D1 receptor signal transduction in the genesis of L-dopa-induced dyskinesia in the light of Galphaolf regulation.