Integrated single-walled carbon nanotube/microfluidic devices for the study of the sensing mechanism of nanotube sensors.J Phys Chem B. 2005 Jul 21; 109(28):13406-8.JP
A method to fabricate integrated single-walled carbon nanotube/microfluidic devices was developed. This simple process could be used to directly prepare nanotube thin film transistors within the microfluidic channel and to register SWNT devices with the microfludic channel without the need of an additional alignment step. The microfluidic device was designed to have several inlets that deliver multiple liquid flows to a single main channel. The location and width of each flow in the main channel could be controlled by the relative flow rates. This capability enabled us to study the effect of the location and the coverage area of the liquid flow that contained charged molecules on the conduction of the nanotube devices, providing important information on the sensing mechanism of carbon nanotube sensors. The results showed that in a sensor based on a nanotube thin film field effect transistor, the sensing signal came from target molecules absorbed on or around the nanotubes. The effect from adsorption on metal electrodes was weak.