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Epidemiology of trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-morbid disorders in Chile.
Psychol Med. 2006 Nov; 36(11):1523-33.PM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

In this study we examined the prevalence rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), types of trauma most often associated with PTSD, the co-morbidity of PTSD with other lifetime psychiatric disorders, which disorders preceded PTSD, and gender differences in PTSD and trauma exposure in a representative sample of Chileans.

METHOD

The DSM-III-R PTSD and antisocial personality disorder modules from the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS) and modules for a range of DSM-III-R diagnoses from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) were administered to a representative sample of 2390 persons aged 15 to over 64 years in three cities in Chile.

RESULTS

The lifetime prevalence of PTSD was 4.4% (2.5% for men and 6.2% for women). Among persons exposed to trauma, rape was most strongly associated with PTSD. Onset of PTSD significantly increased the risk of developing each of the 10 other tested disorders. Among those exposed to trauma, women were significantly more likely to develop PTSD, after controlling for assaultive violence.

CONCLUSIONS

This study highlights the importance of investigating the prevalence of PTSD, patterns of co-morbidity of PTSD, and gender differences in PTSD in non-English-speaking countries.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown Medical School and Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA. Caron_Zlotnick@Brown.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16854253

Citation

Zlotnick, Caron, et al. "Epidemiology of Trauma, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Co-morbid Disorders in Chile." Psychological Medicine, vol. 36, no. 11, 2006, pp. 1523-33.
Zlotnick C, Johnson J, Kohn R, et al. Epidemiology of trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-morbid disorders in Chile. Psychol Med. 2006;36(11):1523-33.
Zlotnick, C., Johnson, J., Kohn, R., Vicente, B., Rioseco, P., & Saldivia, S. (2006). Epidemiology of trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-morbid disorders in Chile. Psychological Medicine, 36(11), 1523-33.
Zlotnick C, et al. Epidemiology of Trauma, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Co-morbid Disorders in Chile. Psychol Med. 2006;36(11):1523-33. PubMed PMID: 16854253.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemiology of trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-morbid disorders in Chile. AU - Zlotnick,Caron, AU - Johnson,Jennifer, AU - Kohn,Robert, AU - Vicente,Benjamin, AU - Rioseco,Pedro, AU - Saldivia,Sandra, Y1 - 2006/07/20/ PY - 2006/7/21/pubmed PY - 2007/2/7/medline PY - 2006/7/21/entrez SP - 1523 EP - 33 JF - Psychological medicine JO - Psychol Med VL - 36 IS - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: In this study we examined the prevalence rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), types of trauma most often associated with PTSD, the co-morbidity of PTSD with other lifetime psychiatric disorders, which disorders preceded PTSD, and gender differences in PTSD and trauma exposure in a representative sample of Chileans. METHOD: The DSM-III-R PTSD and antisocial personality disorder modules from the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS) and modules for a range of DSM-III-R diagnoses from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) were administered to a representative sample of 2390 persons aged 15 to over 64 years in three cities in Chile. RESULTS: The lifetime prevalence of PTSD was 4.4% (2.5% for men and 6.2% for women). Among persons exposed to trauma, rape was most strongly associated with PTSD. Onset of PTSD significantly increased the risk of developing each of the 10 other tested disorders. Among those exposed to trauma, women were significantly more likely to develop PTSD, after controlling for assaultive violence. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the importance of investigating the prevalence of PTSD, patterns of co-morbidity of PTSD, and gender differences in PTSD in non-English-speaking countries. SN - 0033-2917 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16854253/Epidemiology_of_trauma_post_traumatic_stress_disorder__PTSD__and_co_morbid_disorders_in_Chile_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0033291706008282/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -