Significance of laparoscopy in the management of chronic pelvic pain.Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2007; 133(2):223-6EJ
Chronic pelvic pain is a complex disease and is far more common than generally recognized.
Between 1 January 1979 and 31 December 2002 authors had performed 11,681 laparoscopic interventions. Among them, 1061 operations (9.08%) were done because of chronic pelvic pain.
In 29.5% of these cases no anatomical abnormality was found. Analysis of data of laparoscopic operations performed from 1989 to 1990 and from 1998 to 1999 revealed that complaints dated back for a significantly longer period of time in patients presenting no obvious sign of pelvic anatomical anomaly when compared with those who had positive findings. In patients with positive pelvic findings laparotomy had previously been performed in a significantly higher number. When no apparent pelvic pathology was found medical history was also negative for ectopic pregnancy. Similarly, there were only three cases of previous adnexal operations. However, among patients with positive findings, medical history revealed 19 prior cases of ectopic pregnancy, 49 cases of previous adnexal operations, 82 appendectomy, and 26 cholecystectomy (p<0.01). Among patients with positive pelvic findings, diagnostic laparoscopy was immediately completed by adequate surgical treatment in the same session in more than two-third of cases. Most frequently this included adhesiolysis, ovarian cystectomy, uterosacral nerve ablation, electrocoagulation of areas of endometriosis, and ventrosuspension of the retroflected uterus.
Based on our retrospective data analysis we believe that laparoscopy is an essential method for the diagnosis and management of chronic pelvic pain.