3D-QSAR of histone deacetylase inhibitors: hydroxamate analogues.Org Biomol Chem. 2006 Aug 07; 4(15):2858-68.OB
The histone deacetylase enzyme has increasingly become an attractive target for developing novel anticancer drugs. Hydroxamates are a new class of anticancer agents reported to act by selective inhibition of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzyme. Comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) and comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA) were employed to study three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationships (3D-QSARs). QSAR models were derived from a training set of 40 molecules. An external test set consisting of 17 molecules was used to validate the CoMFA and CoMSIA models. All molecules were superimposed on the template structure by atom-based, multifit and the SYBYL QSAR rigid body field fit alignments. The statistical quality of the QSAR models was assessed using the parameters r(2)(conv), r(2)(cv) and r(2)(pred). In addition to steric and electronic fields, ClogP was also taken as descriptor to account for lipophilicity. The resulting models exhibited a good conventional r(2)(conv) and cross-validated r(2)(cv) values up to 0.910 and 0.502 for CoMFA and 0.987 and 0.534 for CoMSIA. Robust cross-validation by 2 groups was performed 25 times to eliminate chance correlation. The CoMFA models exhibited good external predictivity as compared to that of CoMSIA models. These 3D-QSAR models are very useful for design of novel HDAC inhibitors.