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Superior voice timbre processing in musicians.
Neurosci Lett. 2006 Sep 25; 405(3):164-7.NL

Abstract

After several years of exposure to musical instrument practice, musicians acquire a great expertise in processing auditory features like tonal pitch or timbre. Here we compared the performance of musicians and non-musicians in two timbre discrimination tasks: one using instrumental timbres, the other using voices. Both accuracy (d-prime) and reaction time measures were obtained. The results indicate that the musicians performed better than the non-musicians at both tasks. The musicians also took more time to respond at both tasks. One interpretation of this result is that the expertise musicians acquired with instrumental timbres during their training transferred to timbres of voice. The musician participants may also have used different cognitive strategies during the experiment. Higher response times found in musicians can be explained by a longer verbal-auditory memory and the use of a strategy to further process auditory features.

Authors+Show Affiliations

BRAMS, Département de Psychologie, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, succursale Centre-Ville Montréal, Qué., Canada, H3C 3J7. jean-pierre.chartrand@umontreal.caNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16860471

Citation

Chartrand, Jean-Pierre, and Pascal Belin. "Superior Voice Timbre Processing in Musicians." Neuroscience Letters, vol. 405, no. 3, 2006, pp. 164-7.
Chartrand JP, Belin P. Superior voice timbre processing in musicians. Neurosci Lett. 2006;405(3):164-7.
Chartrand, J. P., & Belin, P. (2006). Superior voice timbre processing in musicians. Neuroscience Letters, 405(3), 164-7.
Chartrand JP, Belin P. Superior Voice Timbre Processing in Musicians. Neurosci Lett. 2006 Sep 25;405(3):164-7. PubMed PMID: 16860471.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Superior voice timbre processing in musicians. AU - Chartrand,Jean-Pierre, AU - Belin,Pascal, Y1 - 2006/07/24/ PY - 2005/12/15/received PY - 2006/04/10/revised PY - 2006/06/26/accepted PY - 2006/7/25/pubmed PY - 2006/10/25/medline PY - 2006/7/25/entrez SP - 164 EP - 7 JF - Neuroscience letters JO - Neurosci Lett VL - 405 IS - 3 N2 - After several years of exposure to musical instrument practice, musicians acquire a great expertise in processing auditory features like tonal pitch or timbre. Here we compared the performance of musicians and non-musicians in two timbre discrimination tasks: one using instrumental timbres, the other using voices. Both accuracy (d-prime) and reaction time measures were obtained. The results indicate that the musicians performed better than the non-musicians at both tasks. The musicians also took more time to respond at both tasks. One interpretation of this result is that the expertise musicians acquired with instrumental timbres during their training transferred to timbres of voice. The musician participants may also have used different cognitive strategies during the experiment. Higher response times found in musicians can be explained by a longer verbal-auditory memory and the use of a strategy to further process auditory features. SN - 0304-3940 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16860471/Superior_voice_timbre_processing_in_musicians_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0304-3940(06)00642-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -