View-independent reconstruction algorithms for cone beam CT with general saddle trajectory.Phys Med Biol. 2006 Aug 07; 51(15):3865-84.PM
In Yang et al (2006 Phys. Med. Biol. 51 1157-72), an exact filtered backprojection (FBP) reconstruction algorithm was proposed for cone beam tomography with saddle trajectory based on the seminal works of Pack and Noo (2005a Inverse Problems 21 1105-20; 2005b 8th Int. Meeting on Fully 3D Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine (Salt Lake City) ed F Noo, H Kudo and L G Zeng pp 287-90). However, the artefacts due to discretization and/or sampling errors in the reconstructed images by this method were still visible, especially when the pitch is large. In this paper, two view-independent (VI) algorithms, which are similar to the FDK-type algorithms (Feldkamp et al 1984 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1 612-19), are proposed for planar detector geometry. The first VI algorithm involves two filtered projections and a small additional term (two-dimensional (2D) Radon transform term). One of the filtered projections is obtained by ramp filtering (as in the FDK algorithm for circular trajectory) and the other one is obtained by Hilbert transform. The 2D Radon transform term is just like the term which was first derived by Hu (1996 Scanning 18 572-81) for a circular trajectory. The second VI algorithm involves only one filtered projection term, which is obtained by differentiation followed by Hilbert transform and the 2D Radon transform term. Both algorithms involve only one backprojection step with a weighting factor as in the FDK algorithm. The simulation studies show that the pixel values of the reconstructed images by the VI algorithms are more accurate than those by the original view differencing (VD) algorithm, the streak artefacts are also reduced, and their computational times are comparable to that of the original VD algorithm. We also generalize the concept of saddle trajectory and the corresponding reconstruction algorithm. The generalized algorithm is also theoretically exact, has a shift-invariant FBP structure, and does not depend on the concept of pi-line.