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Depression and anxiety during pregnancy and six months postpartum: a follow-up study.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2006; 85(8):937-44.AO

Abstract

AIMS

To investigate the relationship between antenatal and postpartum depression and anxiety and to explore associated maternal characteristics.

METHODS

From a population-based sample of 1,555 women attending two obstetric clinics in Sweden, all women with an antenatal psychiatric diagnosis (n = 220) and a random selection of healthy women (n = 500) were contacted for a second assessment three to six months postpartum. The Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders was used for evaluation on both occasions.

RESULTS

Fewer cases of depressive and/or anxiety disorders were prevalent postpartum compared with the second trimester screening. Depression and/or anxiety were prevalent in 16.5% of postpartal women versus 29.2% of pregnant women. There was a significant shift from a majority of subthreshold diagnoses during pregnancy to full Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition) diagnoses during the postpartum period. A history of previous psychiatric disorder, living single, and obesity were significantly associated with a new-onset postpartum psychiatric disorder. The absence of a previous psychiatric disorder was significantly associated with a postpartum recovery of depression or anxiety.

CONCLUSIONS

Depression and anxiety appear to be less common postpartum than during pregnancy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. liselott.andersson@nll.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16862471

Citation

Andersson, Liselott, et al. "Depression and Anxiety During Pregnancy and Six Months Postpartum: a Follow-up Study." Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica, vol. 85, no. 8, 2006, pp. 937-44.
Andersson L, Sundström-Poromaa I, Wulff M, et al. Depression and anxiety during pregnancy and six months postpartum: a follow-up study. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2006;85(8):937-44.
Andersson, L., Sundström-Poromaa, I., Wulff, M., Aström, M., & Bixo, M. (2006). Depression and anxiety during pregnancy and six months postpartum: a follow-up study. Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 85(8), 937-44.
Andersson L, et al. Depression and Anxiety During Pregnancy and Six Months Postpartum: a Follow-up Study. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2006;85(8):937-44. PubMed PMID: 16862471.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Depression and anxiety during pregnancy and six months postpartum: a follow-up study. AU - Andersson,Liselott, AU - Sundström-Poromaa,Inger, AU - Wulff,Marianne, AU - Aström,Monica, AU - Bixo,Marie, PY - 2006/7/25/pubmed PY - 2006/10/18/medline PY - 2006/7/25/entrez SP - 937 EP - 44 JF - Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica JO - Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand VL - 85 IS - 8 N2 - AIMS: To investigate the relationship between antenatal and postpartum depression and anxiety and to explore associated maternal characteristics. METHODS: From a population-based sample of 1,555 women attending two obstetric clinics in Sweden, all women with an antenatal psychiatric diagnosis (n = 220) and a random selection of healthy women (n = 500) were contacted for a second assessment three to six months postpartum. The Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders was used for evaluation on both occasions. RESULTS: Fewer cases of depressive and/or anxiety disorders were prevalent postpartum compared with the second trimester screening. Depression and/or anxiety were prevalent in 16.5% of postpartal women versus 29.2% of pregnant women. There was a significant shift from a majority of subthreshold diagnoses during pregnancy to full Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition) diagnoses during the postpartum period. A history of previous psychiatric disorder, living single, and obesity were significantly associated with a new-onset postpartum psychiatric disorder. The absence of a previous psychiatric disorder was significantly associated with a postpartum recovery of depression or anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: Depression and anxiety appear to be less common postpartum than during pregnancy. SN - 0001-6349 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16862471/Depression_and_anxiety_during_pregnancy_and_six_months_postpartum:_a_follow_up_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1080/00016340600697652 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -