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Factors affecting the apparent clearance of tacrolimus in Korean adult liver transplant recipients.
Pharmacotherapy. 2006 Aug; 26(8):1069-77.P

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE

To identify the factors affecting tacrolimus apparent total body clearance (Cl/F [F = bioavailability]) in adult liver transplant recipients.

DESIGN

Population pharmacokinetic analysis using data from a retrospective chart review.

SETTING

University-affiliated hospital in Seoul, South Korea.

PATIENTS

Fifty-one adult liver transplant recipients who had received tacrolimus after transplantation.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS

Data on 35 adult liver transplant recipients for model building and 16 patients for model validation were obtained retrospectively. Population average parameter estimates of Cl/F and apparent volume of distribution (V/F) were sought by using the nonlinear mixed-effect model (NONMEM) program. A number of clinical covariates were screened for their influence on these pharmacokinetic parameters. The final optimal population model related Cl/F to total bilirubin, early (< or = 3 days) and late (> 35 days) postoperative days, international normalized ratio (INR), and graft:recipient weight ratio (GRWR). The NONMEM estimates indicated that the Cl/F of tacrolimus was decreased in patients with a small graft, hyperbilirubinemia, and a high INR. In addition, the Cl/F of tacrolimus almost doubled 4 days after transplantation, but decreased with an increase in duration of therapy after day 35. Mean prediction error and mean absolute prediction error were 0.26 and 3.78 ng/ml, respectively, for the validation sample. A final analysis in all 51 patients, which consisted of 1775 blood samples for concentration measurements, identified the following regression model: Cl/F (L/hr) = (0.36 + 2.01/POD * L) * TBIL(-0.23 (TBIL = 1 if TBIL level < or = 1.2 mg/dl, otherwise TBIL = TBIL level)) *49((if POD < or = 3 days)) * 0.75((if INR > 1.4)) * 0.86((if GRWR < or = 1.25%)) * WT, where L was 1 if postoperative day (POD) was greater than 35 days, otherwise L was 0; V/F was 568 L, TBIL was total bilirubin, and WT was body weight. The interindividual variabilities (coefficients of variation) in Cl/F and V/F were 35.35% and 68.12%, respectively. The residual variability was 3.14 ng/ml.

CONCLUSION

These findings could be useful to the health care provider for adjustment of tacrolimus dosage in adult liver transplant recipients with various clinical factors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pharmacy, Seoul National University Hospital, Jongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16863483

Citation

Lee, Ju Yeun, et al. "Factors Affecting the Apparent Clearance of Tacrolimus in Korean Adult Liver Transplant Recipients." Pharmacotherapy, vol. 26, no. 8, 2006, pp. 1069-77.
Lee JY, Hahn HJ, Son IJ, et al. Factors affecting the apparent clearance of tacrolimus in Korean adult liver transplant recipients. Pharmacotherapy. 2006;26(8):1069-77.
Lee, J. Y., Hahn, H. J., Son, I. J., Suh, K. S., Yi, N. J., Oh, J. M., & Shin, W. G. (2006). Factors affecting the apparent clearance of tacrolimus in Korean adult liver transplant recipients. Pharmacotherapy, 26(8), 1069-77.
Lee JY, et al. Factors Affecting the Apparent Clearance of Tacrolimus in Korean Adult Liver Transplant Recipients. Pharmacotherapy. 2006;26(8):1069-77. PubMed PMID: 16863483.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Factors affecting the apparent clearance of tacrolimus in Korean adult liver transplant recipients. AU - Lee,Ju Yeun, AU - Hahn,Hyeon Joo, AU - Son,In Ja, AU - Suh,Kyung Suk, AU - Yi,Nam Joon, AU - Oh,Jung Mi, AU - Shin,Wan Gyoon, PY - 2006/7/26/pubmed PY - 2006/12/9/medline PY - 2006/7/26/entrez SP - 1069 EP - 77 JF - Pharmacotherapy JO - Pharmacotherapy VL - 26 IS - 8 N2 - STUDY OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors affecting tacrolimus apparent total body clearance (Cl/F [F = bioavailability]) in adult liver transplant recipients. DESIGN: Population pharmacokinetic analysis using data from a retrospective chart review. SETTING: University-affiliated hospital in Seoul, South Korea. PATIENTS: Fifty-one adult liver transplant recipients who had received tacrolimus after transplantation. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Data on 35 adult liver transplant recipients for model building and 16 patients for model validation were obtained retrospectively. Population average parameter estimates of Cl/F and apparent volume of distribution (V/F) were sought by using the nonlinear mixed-effect model (NONMEM) program. A number of clinical covariates were screened for their influence on these pharmacokinetic parameters. The final optimal population model related Cl/F to total bilirubin, early (< or = 3 days) and late (> 35 days) postoperative days, international normalized ratio (INR), and graft:recipient weight ratio (GRWR). The NONMEM estimates indicated that the Cl/F of tacrolimus was decreased in patients with a small graft, hyperbilirubinemia, and a high INR. In addition, the Cl/F of tacrolimus almost doubled 4 days after transplantation, but decreased with an increase in duration of therapy after day 35. Mean prediction error and mean absolute prediction error were 0.26 and 3.78 ng/ml, respectively, for the validation sample. A final analysis in all 51 patients, which consisted of 1775 blood samples for concentration measurements, identified the following regression model: Cl/F (L/hr) = (0.36 + 2.01/POD * L) * TBIL(-0.23 (TBIL = 1 if TBIL level < or = 1.2 mg/dl, otherwise TBIL = TBIL level)) *49((if POD < or = 3 days)) * 0.75((if INR > 1.4)) * 0.86((if GRWR < or = 1.25%)) * WT, where L was 1 if postoperative day (POD) was greater than 35 days, otherwise L was 0; V/F was 568 L, TBIL was total bilirubin, and WT was body weight. The interindividual variabilities (coefficients of variation) in Cl/F and V/F were 35.35% and 68.12%, respectively. The residual variability was 3.14 ng/ml. CONCLUSION: These findings could be useful to the health care provider for adjustment of tacrolimus dosage in adult liver transplant recipients with various clinical factors. SN - 0277-0008 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16863483/Factors_affecting_the_apparent_clearance_of_tacrolimus_in_Korean_adult_liver_transplant_recipients_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1592/phco.26.8.1069 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -