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Obstetrics and perinatal outcomes of Thai pregnant adolescents: a retrospective study.
Int J Nurs Stud. 2007 Sep; 44(7):1158-64.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Adolescent pregnancy is considered a high risk pregnancy.

OBJECTIVES

The purpose of this study was to compare pregnancy outcomes in adolescent females aged 19 and younger with those of adult women aged 20-34 years.

DESIGN

A retrospective case control study was designed to address the purpose of the study.

PARTICIPANTS

Participants of this study consisted of 401 randomly selected adolescent females and 815 adult mothers who gave birth at a regional hospital in Bangkok from 2001 to 2003.

METHODS

Two domains of pregnancy outcomes; maternal and infant outcomes were collected from participants' medical and prenatal records by trained observers.

RESULTS

The study revealed that, compared to the adult mothers, teenage mothers were less likely to make the first prenatal visit in their first trimester (16% and 38.9%, p<.001), to have adequate prenatal care (83% and 91%, p<.01), and cesarean sections (odds ratio (OR) 2.05, confidence interval (CI) 1.44, 2.92). They had higher rates of anemia (OR 0.44, CI 0.26, 0.75), preterm deliveries (OR 1.21, CI 1.01, 1.75), and lower mean birth weight babies (2931 g and 3077 g, p<.001).

CONCLUSION

This study demonstrates that, while teenage pregnancy outcomes have improved in recent years due to medical accessibility, pregnant adolescents continue to be complicated requiring clinical interventions from the health care providers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Nursing, Chulalongkorn University, Vidhayakitt bldg floor 12, Phyathai Rd., Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand. sathja_thato@hotmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16863648

Citation

Thato, Sathja, et al. "Obstetrics and Perinatal Outcomes of Thai Pregnant Adolescents: a Retrospective Study." International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 44, no. 7, 2007, pp. 1158-64.
Thato S, Rachukul S, Sopajaree C. Obstetrics and perinatal outcomes of Thai pregnant adolescents: a retrospective study. Int J Nurs Stud. 2007;44(7):1158-64.
Thato, S., Rachukul, S., & Sopajaree, C. (2007). Obstetrics and perinatal outcomes of Thai pregnant adolescents: a retrospective study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 44(7), 1158-64.
Thato S, Rachukul S, Sopajaree C. Obstetrics and Perinatal Outcomes of Thai Pregnant Adolescents: a Retrospective Study. Int J Nurs Stud. 2007;44(7):1158-64. PubMed PMID: 16863648.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Obstetrics and perinatal outcomes of Thai pregnant adolescents: a retrospective study. AU - Thato,Sathja, AU - Rachukul,Suchada, AU - Sopajaree,Chompunut, Y1 - 2006/07/25/ PY - 2005/12/07/received PY - 2006/05/22/revised PY - 2006/05/30/accepted PY - 2006/7/26/pubmed PY - 2007/11/6/medline PY - 2006/7/26/entrez SP - 1158 EP - 64 JF - International journal of nursing studies JO - Int J Nurs Stud VL - 44 IS - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy is considered a high risk pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare pregnancy outcomes in adolescent females aged 19 and younger with those of adult women aged 20-34 years. DESIGN: A retrospective case control study was designed to address the purpose of the study. PARTICIPANTS: Participants of this study consisted of 401 randomly selected adolescent females and 815 adult mothers who gave birth at a regional hospital in Bangkok from 2001 to 2003. METHODS: Two domains of pregnancy outcomes; maternal and infant outcomes were collected from participants' medical and prenatal records by trained observers. RESULTS: The study revealed that, compared to the adult mothers, teenage mothers were less likely to make the first prenatal visit in their first trimester (16% and 38.9%, p<.001), to have adequate prenatal care (83% and 91%, p<.01), and cesarean sections (odds ratio (OR) 2.05, confidence interval (CI) 1.44, 2.92). They had higher rates of anemia (OR 0.44, CI 0.26, 0.75), preterm deliveries (OR 1.21, CI 1.01, 1.75), and lower mean birth weight babies (2931 g and 3077 g, p<.001). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that, while teenage pregnancy outcomes have improved in recent years due to medical accessibility, pregnant adolescents continue to be complicated requiring clinical interventions from the health care providers. SN - 0020-7489 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16863648/Obstetrics_and_perinatal_outcomes_of_Thai_pregnant_adolescents:_a_retrospective_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0020-7489(06)00168-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -