Ouabain inhibits tubuloglomerular feedback in mutant mice with ouabain-sensitive alpha1 Na,K-ATPase.J Am Soc Nephrol. 2006 Sep; 17(9):2457-63.JA
Initiation of tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) depends on Na-K-2Cl co-transport in the macula densa (MD), but it is less clear whether Na,K-ATPase is responsible for establishing the inward Na+ gradient. It has been proposed that apical colonic H,K-ATPase, perhaps in concert with the Na/H exchanger (NHE2), may account for MD Na+ exit in these cells. This study evaluated TGF responses by micropuncture in mutant mice with altered ouabain sensitivity of the alpha1 and alpha2 Na,K-ATPase isoforms. TGF responses in alpha1-sensitive/alpha2-resistant mice were inhibited by intravenous ouabain (control stop-flow pressure = 9.7 +/- 0.9 versus 1.6 +/- 0.5 mmHg with intravenous ouabain). Subsequent inclusion of cyclohexyladenosine (10 microM) in the tubule perfusate confirmed the ability of the afferent arteriole to contract in the presence of ouabain. In alpha1-resistant/alpha2-resistant mice, ouabain infusion had no effect on TGF responses. In separate experiments, loop of Henle perfusion with 50 microM ouabain decreased TGF responses (control stop-flow pressure) from 10.5 +/- 1.1 to 3.9 +/- 1.0 mmHg in alpha1-sensitive/alpha2-resistant mice but had no effect in alpha1-resistant/alpha2-resistant mice, and afferent arteriole responsiveness again was confirmed by cyclohexyladenosine. TGF responses in NHE2 and colonic H,K-ATPase knockout mice were not different from those of wild-type mice. These data indicate that TGF requires activity of the alpha1 Na,K-ATPase, presumably in the MD. Furthermore, the data show that neither NHE2 nor colonic H,K-ATPase is essential for initiation of TGF responses.