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Characterization of antigen-presenting cells in human apical periodontitis lesions by flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry.
Int Endod J. 2006 Aug; 39(8):626-36.IE

Abstract

AIM

To analyse phenotypic characteristics of antigen-presenting cells (APC), isolated from human periapical lesions by flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry.

METHODOLOGY

Sixteen periapical lesions were digested for 15 min with 0.05% collagenase. Mononuclear cells, separated from other inflammatory cells by density centrifugation, were processed for flow cytometry and/or immunocytochemistry. Single and double immunostainings were performed using monoclonal antibodies specific for human CD45, CD3, CD19, CD14, HLA-DR, CD1a, CD83 and CD123.

RESULTS

Antigen-presenting cells (HLA-DR(+) cells) represented 32.9 +/- 17.8% of total mononuclear cells. Amongst them, B cells (HLA-DR(+) CD19(+)) were the predominant APC population, followed by activated macrophages (HLA-DR(+) CD14(+)), dendritic cells (DC) (HLA-DR(+) CD14(-) CD19(-) CD3(-)) and activated T cells (HLA-DR(+) CD3(+)). Based on the predominance of T cells (CD3(+)) or B cells and plasma cells (CD19(+) and CD19(lo), respectively) amongst mononuclear cell infiltrates, lesions were divided into T- and B-types. The percentage of DC in T-type lesions (27.1 +/- 6.8% of total HLA-DR(+) cells) was higher, compared with B-type lesions (10.3 +/- 5.2%) (P < 0.01). Within the DC population, the percentages of CD1a (Langerhans cell type) and CD123 (probably plasmacytoid DC type) did not differ significantly between the groups (P > 0.05). However, the percentage of mature DC (CD83(+)) was significantly higher in T-type periapical lesions (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

Flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry are suitable methods for phenotypic analysis of APC after their isolation from human periapical lesions. APC, that were phenotypically heterogeneous, constituted a significant component of infiltrating cells. Lesions with the predominance of T cells were characterized by a higher proportion of mature DC (HLA-DR(+)CD83(+) cells) than lesions with predominance of B cells/plasma cells.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Stomatology, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16872457

Citation

Lukić, A, et al. "Characterization of Antigen-presenting Cells in Human Apical Periodontitis Lesions By Flow Cytometry and Immunocytochemistry." International Endodontic Journal, vol. 39, no. 8, 2006, pp. 626-36.
Lukić A, Vasilijić S, Majstorović I, et al. Characterization of antigen-presenting cells in human apical periodontitis lesions by flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry. Int Endod J. 2006;39(8):626-36.
Lukić, A., Vasilijić, S., Majstorović, I., Vucević, D., Mojsilović, S., Gazivoda, D., Danilović, V., Petrović, R., & Colić, M. (2006). Characterization of antigen-presenting cells in human apical periodontitis lesions by flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry. International Endodontic Journal, 39(8), 626-36.
Lukić A, et al. Characterization of Antigen-presenting Cells in Human Apical Periodontitis Lesions By Flow Cytometry and Immunocytochemistry. Int Endod J. 2006;39(8):626-36. PubMed PMID: 16872457.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characterization of antigen-presenting cells in human apical periodontitis lesions by flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry. AU - Lukić,A, AU - Vasilijić,S, AU - Majstorović,I, AU - Vucević,D, AU - Mojsilović,S, AU - Gazivoda,D, AU - Danilović,V, AU - Petrović,R, AU - Colić,M, PY - 2006/7/29/pubmed PY - 2006/9/13/medline PY - 2006/7/29/entrez SP - 626 EP - 36 JF - International endodontic journal JO - Int Endod J VL - 39 IS - 8 N2 - AIM: To analyse phenotypic characteristics of antigen-presenting cells (APC), isolated from human periapical lesions by flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry. METHODOLOGY: Sixteen periapical lesions were digested for 15 min with 0.05% collagenase. Mononuclear cells, separated from other inflammatory cells by density centrifugation, were processed for flow cytometry and/or immunocytochemistry. Single and double immunostainings were performed using monoclonal antibodies specific for human CD45, CD3, CD19, CD14, HLA-DR, CD1a, CD83 and CD123. RESULTS: Antigen-presenting cells (HLA-DR(+) cells) represented 32.9 +/- 17.8% of total mononuclear cells. Amongst them, B cells (HLA-DR(+) CD19(+)) were the predominant APC population, followed by activated macrophages (HLA-DR(+) CD14(+)), dendritic cells (DC) (HLA-DR(+) CD14(-) CD19(-) CD3(-)) and activated T cells (HLA-DR(+) CD3(+)). Based on the predominance of T cells (CD3(+)) or B cells and plasma cells (CD19(+) and CD19(lo), respectively) amongst mononuclear cell infiltrates, lesions were divided into T- and B-types. The percentage of DC in T-type lesions (27.1 +/- 6.8% of total HLA-DR(+) cells) was higher, compared with B-type lesions (10.3 +/- 5.2%) (P < 0.01). Within the DC population, the percentages of CD1a (Langerhans cell type) and CD123 (probably plasmacytoid DC type) did not differ significantly between the groups (P > 0.05). However, the percentage of mature DC (CD83(+)) was significantly higher in T-type periapical lesions (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry are suitable methods for phenotypic analysis of APC after their isolation from human periapical lesions. APC, that were phenotypically heterogeneous, constituted a significant component of infiltrating cells. Lesions with the predominance of T cells were characterized by a higher proportion of mature DC (HLA-DR(+)CD83(+) cells) than lesions with predominance of B cells/plasma cells. SN - 0143-2885 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16872457/Characterization_of_antigen_presenting_cells_in_human_apical_periodontitis_lesions_by_flow_cytometry_and_immunocytochemistry_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2591.2006.01125.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -