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Education and diabetes in a racially and ethnically diverse population.
Am J Public Health. 2006 Sep; 96(9):1637-42.AJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

We used data from the National Health Interview Survey (1997-2002) to examine the association between education and the prevalence of diabetes in US adults and whether this relation differs by race/ethnicity.

METHODS

The analyses were limited to non-Hispanic Blacks, non-Hispanic Whites, and Hispanics. SUDAAN was used to account for the complex sampling design.

RESULTS

Educational attainment was inversely associated with the prevalence of diabetes. Individuals with less than a high-school diploma were 1.6 (95% confidence interval [CI]=1.4, 1.8) times more likely to have diabetes than those with at least a bachelor's degree. Whites and Hispanics exhibited a significant relation between diabetes and having less than a high-school education (odds ratio [OR]=1.7; 95% CI=1.5, 2.0; and OR=1.6; 95% CI=1.1, 2.3, respectively). In addition, the odds of having diabetes was stronger for women (OR=1.9; 95% CI=1.6, 2.4) than for men (OR=1.4; 95% CI=1.1, 1.6)

CONCLUSIONS

Educational attainment was inversely associated with diabetes prevalence among Whites, Hispanics, and women but not among Blacks. Education may have a different effect on diabetes health among different racial/ethnic groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, School of Dental and Oral Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA. lnb2@columbia.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16873745

Citation

Borrell, Luisa N., et al. "Education and Diabetes in a Racially and Ethnically Diverse Population." American Journal of Public Health, vol. 96, no. 9, 2006, pp. 1637-42.
Borrell LN, Dallo FJ, White K. Education and diabetes in a racially and ethnically diverse population. Am J Public Health. 2006;96(9):1637-42.
Borrell, L. N., Dallo, F. J., & White, K. (2006). Education and diabetes in a racially and ethnically diverse population. American Journal of Public Health, 96(9), 1637-42.
Borrell LN, Dallo FJ, White K. Education and Diabetes in a Racially and Ethnically Diverse Population. Am J Public Health. 2006;96(9):1637-42. PubMed PMID: 16873745.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Education and diabetes in a racially and ethnically diverse population. AU - Borrell,Luisa N, AU - Dallo,Florence J, AU - White,Kellee, Y1 - 2006/07/27/ PY - 2006/7/29/pubmed PY - 2006/9/1/medline PY - 2006/7/29/entrez SP - 1637 EP - 42 JF - American journal of public health JO - Am J Public Health VL - 96 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVES: We used data from the National Health Interview Survey (1997-2002) to examine the association between education and the prevalence of diabetes in US adults and whether this relation differs by race/ethnicity. METHODS: The analyses were limited to non-Hispanic Blacks, non-Hispanic Whites, and Hispanics. SUDAAN was used to account for the complex sampling design. RESULTS: Educational attainment was inversely associated with the prevalence of diabetes. Individuals with less than a high-school diploma were 1.6 (95% confidence interval [CI]=1.4, 1.8) times more likely to have diabetes than those with at least a bachelor's degree. Whites and Hispanics exhibited a significant relation between diabetes and having less than a high-school education (odds ratio [OR]=1.7; 95% CI=1.5, 2.0; and OR=1.6; 95% CI=1.1, 2.3, respectively). In addition, the odds of having diabetes was stronger for women (OR=1.9; 95% CI=1.6, 2.4) than for men (OR=1.4; 95% CI=1.1, 1.6) CONCLUSIONS: Educational attainment was inversely associated with diabetes prevalence among Whites, Hispanics, and women but not among Blacks. Education may have a different effect on diabetes health among different racial/ethnic groups. SN - 1541-0048 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16873745/Education_and_diabetes_in_a_racially_and_ethnically_diverse_population_ L2 - https://www.ajph.org/doi/10.2105/AJPH.2005.072884?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -