Inhibitory effects of Orostachys japonicus extracts on the formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine.J Agric Food Chem. 2006 Aug 09; 54(16):6075-8.JA
In Korea, Orostachys japonicus has been used traditionally as a drug and health food. The aim of this study was to investigate possible inhibitory effects of O. japonicus extracts on the formation of N-nitrosodimethylamines (NDMA). Chloroform extraction was the most effective method for recovering the highest number of phenolic compounds and flavonoids; in these extracts the greatest nitrite-scavenging activity and inhibition of NDMA formation occurred at pH 2.5. The chloroform extract was separated into 10 fractions (J1-J10); fraction J4 inhibited NDMA formation by 90.1 +/- 0.4%. This fraction was then separated into five subfractions (J4-1-J4-5) using a silica gel column. Subfractions J4-2 [(+)-catechin] and J4-4 (3,4-dihdroxybenzoic acid) inhibited NDMA formation by 89.5 +/- 0.9 and 77.6 +/- 0.8%, respectively.