Gastrinoma: sporadic and familial disease.Surg Oncol Clin N Am. 2006 Jul; 15(3):479-96.SO
The physiologic sequelae of a gastrinoma can be well controlled with medical therapy. The role of surgery has shifted from managing acid hyper-secretion and ulcer complications to preventing metastatic disease and managing symptomatic metastases. With improved methods of imaging for the detection of occult gastrinomas, the prospective evaluation of the role for surgery in altering the natural history of these tumors is now possible.