A cerebroprotective dose of intravenous citrate/sorbitol-stabilized dehydroascorbic acid is correlated with increased cerebral ascorbic acid and inhibited lipid peroxidation after murine reperfused stroke.Neurosurgery. 2006 Aug; 59(2):383-8; discussion 383-8.N
Oxidative damage has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cerebral ischemia. We previously demonstrated that exogenously supplied dehydroascorbic acid (DHA), an oxidized, blood-brain barrier transportable form of the antioxidant ascorbic acid (AA), improves outcome after experimental stroke.
To investigate the neuroprotective effect of DHA therapy, we measured cerebral AA levels using a novel assay, quantified markers of lipid peroxidation, and evaluated infarct volume after reperfused stroke in a murine model. All experiments were performed using a new citrate/sorbitol-stabilized DHA formulation to improve the stability of the compound.
Intraparenchymal AA levels declined after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion and were repleted in a dose-dependent fashion by postischemic administration of intravenous DHA (P < 0.01). Repletion of these levels was associated with reductions in cerebral malondialdehyde levels (P < 0.05), which were also elevated after reperfused stroke. DHA repletion of interstitial AA levels and reduction in cerebral lipid peroxidation was associated with dose-dependent reductions in infarct volume (P < 0.05).
Together, these results indicate that an intravenous cerebroprotective dose of citrate/sorbitol-stabilized DHA is correlated with increased brain ascorbate levels and a suppression of excessive oxidative metabolism.