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Respiratory symptoms/diseases and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in never smoker Italian women.
Respir Med 2007; 101(3):531-8RM

Abstract

AIM

To study the relationship between respiratory/allergic disorders and chronic environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure to husband or at workplace among non-smoking women of a general population in Italy.

METHODS

Analyses regard 2195 married or employed women. Information was collected through a self-administered questionnaire. ETS exposure was validated by salivary cotinine.

RESULTS

Exposure both to husband and at work resulted a significant risk factor for current dyspnoea (odds ratio (OR) 1.61, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.20-2.16), any shortness of breath at rest (OR 2.81, 95% CI 1.83-4.30), recent wheeze (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.04-2.82), recent attacks of shortness of breath with wheeze (OR 1.85, 95% CI 1.05-3.26), asthma diagnosis/symptoms (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.09-2.08), diagnosis of asthma or bronchitis/emphysema (obstructive lung diseases (OLD)) (OR 2.24, 95% CI 1.40-3.58), current cough/phlegm (OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.07-2.15), and rhino-conjunctivitis (OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.13-1.94). Exposure only at work yielded higher adjusted odds ratios for all health conditions, except for rhino-conjunctivitis. Overall, about 24% of shortness of breath at rest, 16% of dyspnoea, 17% of rhino-conjunctivitis, 12% of OLD, and 10% of asthma diagnosis/symptoms are attributable to the effect of exposures to both husband and at work. Twelve percent of shortness of breath at rest and 10% of rhino-conjunctivitis cases might be avoided by eliminating exposure only at work and only to husband, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

Lifetime ETS exposure, especially at work, is associated with respiratory symptoms/diseases, and it accounts for a sizeable proportion of such disorders. The combined effect of both exposures is higher than the separate effects.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Unità di Epidemiologia Ambientale Polmonare, Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica, CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology, Via Trieste, 41 56126 Pisa, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16893638

Citation

Simoni, Marzia, et al. "Respiratory Symptoms/diseases and Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) in Never Smoker Italian Women." Respiratory Medicine, vol. 101, no. 3, 2007, pp. 531-8.
Simoni M, Baldacci S, Puntoni R, et al. Respiratory symptoms/diseases and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in never smoker Italian women. Respir Med. 2007;101(3):531-8.
Simoni, M., Baldacci, S., Puntoni, R., Pistelli, F., Farchi, S., Lo Presti, E., ... Viegi, G. (2007). Respiratory symptoms/diseases and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in never smoker Italian women. Respiratory Medicine, 101(3), pp. 531-8.
Simoni M, et al. Respiratory Symptoms/diseases and Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) in Never Smoker Italian Women. Respir Med. 2007;101(3):531-8. PubMed PMID: 16893638.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Respiratory symptoms/diseases and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in never smoker Italian women. AU - Simoni,Marzia, AU - Baldacci,Sandra, AU - Puntoni,Roberto, AU - Pistelli,Francesco, AU - Farchi,Sara, AU - Lo Presti,Elena, AU - Pistelli,Riccardo, AU - Corbo,Giuseppe, AU - Agabiti,Nerina, AU - Basso,Salvatore, AU - Matteelli,Gabriella, AU - Di Pede,Francesco, AU - Carrozzi,Laura, AU - Forastiere,Francesco, AU - Viegi,Giovanni, Y1 - 2006/08/08/ PY - 2006/03/08/received PY - 2006/06/19/revised PY - 2006/06/23/accepted PY - 2006/8/9/pubmed PY - 2007/4/24/medline PY - 2006/8/9/entrez SP - 531 EP - 8 JF - Respiratory medicine JO - Respir Med VL - 101 IS - 3 N2 - AIM: To study the relationship between respiratory/allergic disorders and chronic environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure to husband or at workplace among non-smoking women of a general population in Italy. METHODS: Analyses regard 2195 married or employed women. Information was collected through a self-administered questionnaire. ETS exposure was validated by salivary cotinine. RESULTS: Exposure both to husband and at work resulted a significant risk factor for current dyspnoea (odds ratio (OR) 1.61, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.20-2.16), any shortness of breath at rest (OR 2.81, 95% CI 1.83-4.30), recent wheeze (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.04-2.82), recent attacks of shortness of breath with wheeze (OR 1.85, 95% CI 1.05-3.26), asthma diagnosis/symptoms (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.09-2.08), diagnosis of asthma or bronchitis/emphysema (obstructive lung diseases (OLD)) (OR 2.24, 95% CI 1.40-3.58), current cough/phlegm (OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.07-2.15), and rhino-conjunctivitis (OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.13-1.94). Exposure only at work yielded higher adjusted odds ratios for all health conditions, except for rhino-conjunctivitis. Overall, about 24% of shortness of breath at rest, 16% of dyspnoea, 17% of rhino-conjunctivitis, 12% of OLD, and 10% of asthma diagnosis/symptoms are attributable to the effect of exposures to both husband and at work. Twelve percent of shortness of breath at rest and 10% of rhino-conjunctivitis cases might be avoided by eliminating exposure only at work and only to husband, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Lifetime ETS exposure, especially at work, is associated with respiratory symptoms/diseases, and it accounts for a sizeable proportion of such disorders. The combined effect of both exposures is higher than the separate effects. SN - 0954-6111 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16893638/Respiratory_symptoms/diseases_and_environmental_tobacco_smoke__ETS__in_never_smoker_Italian_women_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0954-6111(06)00343-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -