[The role of stress in the pathogenesis of tinnitus and in the ability to cope with it].HNO. 2006 Sep; 54(9):709-14.HNO
Besides the impairment of somatic functions, other factors including stress, and psychological and social characteristics are known to be important factors in the pathogenesis of tinnitus and the ability to cope with it. Existing coping strategies and psychosocial factors may have an influence on the degree of stress perceived through tinnitus. In the case of missing habituation, serious psychological, neurological and immunological responses to tinnitus are possible. In order to reduce the cognitive and emotional tinnitus-distress associated with this, there should be a focus on providing functional coping strategies combined with cognitive behavioural elements.