The impact of differential patterns of physical violence and stalking on mental health and help-seeking among women with protective orders.Violence Against Women. 2006 Sep; 12(9):866-86.VA
This study examined the severity of partner violence on women's mental health and help-seeking as well as perceptions of safety and protective-order effectiveness. Three groups based on partner violence victimization in the past year were compared: (a) women who reported experiencing moderate physical violence but no history of severe violence or stalking (n = 102), (b) women who experienced severe violence but no history of stalking (n = 142), and (c) women who experienced severe violence and stalking (n = 145). Results suggest that stalking has a unique impact on victims' mental health and perceived safety, and that protections afforded by protective orders may not be adequate for women experiencing stalking.