Quetiapine treatment of psychosis associated with dementia: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial.Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2006 Sep; 14(9):767-76.AJ
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of quetiapine for treating psychosis in patients with probable/possible Alzheimer disease and assess its impact on other psychopathology and social and daily functioning.
The authors conducted a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of flexibly dosed quetiapine and haloperidol. Primary outcomes were change in total Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and Clinical Global Impressions-Severity of Illness (CGI-S) scores at week 10. Secondary outcomes included BPRS factors, Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), Multidimensional Observation Scale for Elderly Subjects (MOSES), and Physical Self-Maintenance Scale (PSMS).
Two hundred eighty-four participants (mean age: 83.2 years) were randomized; 63.4% completed; and mean Mini-Mental State Examination score was 12.8. Median of the mean daily dose was 96.9 mg for quetiapine and 1.9 mg for haloperidol. No differential benefit was seen on any psychosis measure. BPRS agitation factor scores improved with quetiapine versus placebo and not quetiapine versus haloperidol. BPRS anergia scores worsened with haloperidol versus quetiapine but not quetiapine versus placebo. No NPI factors showed change, including the agitation factor. MOSES Withdrawal Subscale and PSMS total scores worsened with haloperidol versus quetiapine. Somnolence occurred in 25.3%, 36.2%, and 4.1% of the quetiapine, haloperidol, and placebo groups, respectively; parkinsonism was most prevalent in the haloperidol group; other safety and tolerability measures differed little among groups.
All treatment groups showed improvement in measures of psychosis without significant differences between them when planned comparisons were performed. Participants treated with quetiapine or haloperidol showed inconsistent evidence of improvement in agitation. Tolerability was better with quetiapine compared with haloperidol.