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Anemia in low-income exclusively breastfed infants.
J Pediatr (Rio J) 2006 Jul-Aug; 82(4):284-7JP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To verify the behavior of hemoglobin levels and anemia prevalence in full term infants, aged 3 to 6 months and on exclusive breastfeeding.

METHODS

A cross-sectional study of 242 infants aged 3 to 6 months with birth weights of more than 2,500 g, on exclusive breastfeeding and monitored by the Program for the Promotion of Infant Growth and Development, part of the Paraisópolis Einstein Community Program. Hemoglobin was assayed by finger prick between the third and sixth months of life. Anemia was defined as Hb < 10.3 g/dL (Saarinen) or Hb < 10 g/dL (Brault-Dubuc) for infants aged 3 to 5 months and as Hb < 11.0 g/dL (WHO) for infants aged 6 months.

RESULTS

Mean hemoglobin concentration was 11.3 and 11.4 g/dL at 3 and 4 months and 11.2 and 11.1 g/dL at 5 and 6 months, respectively. The percentage of anemic infants varied depending on age and the cutoff adopted, being 11.8, 10.2 and 8.3% at 3, 4 and 5 months, respectively, according to the Brault-Dubuc criteria, and 20.6, 14.8 and 10.4% by the Saarinen criteria. Anemia prevalence at 6 months was 37.5%.

CONCLUSIONS

Anemia prevalence rates observed among infants aged between 3 and 6 months varied from 8.3 to 37.5%, justifying increased attention on the part of pediatricians to the hemoglobin levels of infants who are on exclusive breastfeeding, come from low-income families and present risk factors for iron deficiency.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Universidade Federal de São Paulo-Escola Paulista de Medicina (UNIFESP-EPM), CEP 04040-032 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16912831

Citation

Torres, Marco Antonio A., et al. "Anemia in Low-income Exclusively Breastfed Infants." Jornal De Pediatria, vol. 82, no. 4, 2006, pp. 284-7.
Torres MA, Braga JA, Taddei JA, et al. Anemia in low-income exclusively breastfed infants. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2006;82(4):284-7.
Torres, M. A., Braga, J. A., Taddei, J. A., & Nóbrega, F. J. (2006). Anemia in low-income exclusively breastfed infants. Jornal De Pediatria, 82(4), pp. 284-7.
Torres MA, et al. Anemia in Low-income Exclusively Breastfed Infants. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2006;82(4):284-7. PubMed PMID: 16912831.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anemia in low-income exclusively breastfed infants. AU - Torres,Marco Antonio A, AU - Braga,Josefina A P, AU - Taddei,José Augusto A C, AU - Nóbrega,Fernando J, PY - 2006/8/17/pubmed PY - 2007/2/8/medline PY - 2006/8/17/entrez SP - 284 EP - 7 JF - Jornal de pediatria JO - J Pediatr (Rio J) VL - 82 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To verify the behavior of hemoglobin levels and anemia prevalence in full term infants, aged 3 to 6 months and on exclusive breastfeeding. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 242 infants aged 3 to 6 months with birth weights of more than 2,500 g, on exclusive breastfeeding and monitored by the Program for the Promotion of Infant Growth and Development, part of the Paraisópolis Einstein Community Program. Hemoglobin was assayed by finger prick between the third and sixth months of life. Anemia was defined as Hb < 10.3 g/dL (Saarinen) or Hb < 10 g/dL (Brault-Dubuc) for infants aged 3 to 5 months and as Hb < 11.0 g/dL (WHO) for infants aged 6 months. RESULTS: Mean hemoglobin concentration was 11.3 and 11.4 g/dL at 3 and 4 months and 11.2 and 11.1 g/dL at 5 and 6 months, respectively. The percentage of anemic infants varied depending on age and the cutoff adopted, being 11.8, 10.2 and 8.3% at 3, 4 and 5 months, respectively, according to the Brault-Dubuc criteria, and 20.6, 14.8 and 10.4% by the Saarinen criteria. Anemia prevalence at 6 months was 37.5%. CONCLUSIONS: Anemia prevalence rates observed among infants aged between 3 and 6 months varied from 8.3 to 37.5%, justifying increased attention on the part of pediatricians to the hemoglobin levels of infants who are on exclusive breastfeeding, come from low-income families and present risk factors for iron deficiency. SN - 0021-7557 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16912831/Anemia_in_low_income_exclusively_breastfed_infants_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.2223/JPED.1511 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -