Non-cannabinoid CB1, non-cannabinoid CB2 antinociceptive effects of several novel compounds in the PPQ stretch test in mice.Eur J Pharmacol. 2006 Sep 28; 546(1-3):60-8.EJ
The analgesic and anti-hyperalgesic effects of cannabinoid- and vanilloid-like compounds, plus the fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitor Cyclohexylcarbamic acid 3'-carbamoyl-biphenyl-3-yl ester (URB597), and acetaminophen, were evaluated in the phenyl-p-quinone (PPQ) pain model, using different routes of administration in combination with opioid and cannabinoid receptor antagonists. All the compounds tested produced analgesic effects. Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC) and (R)-(+)-arachidonyl-1'-hydroxy-2'-propylamide ((R)-methanandamide) were active by three routes of administration: i.p., s.c. and, p.o. Delta(9)-THC produced ED(50)s of 2.2 mg/kg (0.3-15.6) i.p., 9 mg/kg (4.3-18.9) s.c., and 6.4 mg/kg (5.5-7.6) p.o. Similarly, (R)-methanandamide yielded ED(50)s of 2.9 mg/kg (1-8) i.p., 11 mg/kg (7-17) s.c., and 11 mg/kg (0.9-134) p.o. N-vanillyl-arachidonyl-amide (arvanil) was active by two routes, producing ED(50)s of 4.7 mg/kg (3.0-7.4) s.c. and 0.06 mg/kg (0.02-0.2) i.p. Palmitoylethanolamide, URB597, and acetaminophen were active i.p., resulting in ED(50)s of 3.7 mg/kg (3.2-4.2), 22.9 mg/kg (11.1-47.2), and 160 mg/kg (63-405), respectively. None of the cannabinoid or opioid receptor antagonists tested blocked the compounds evaluated, with two exceptions: the antinociceptive effects of Delta(9)-THC and URB597 were completely blocked by SR141716A, a cannabinoid CB(1) receptor antagonist. Western immunoassays performed using three opioid receptor antibodies, a cannabinoid CB(1) receptor antibody and a transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1(TRPV(1)) receptor antibody, yielded no change in receptor protein levels after short-term arvanil, (R)-methanandamide or Delta(9)-THC administration. These data suggest that all the compounds tested, except Delta(9)-THC and URB597, produced analgesia via a non-cannabinoid CB(1), non-cannabinoid CB(2) pain pathway not yet identified.