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Studies on photodegradation of two commercial dyes in aqueous phase using different photocatalysts.
J Hazard Mater. 2007 Mar 22; 141(3):581-90.JH

Abstract

The present study involves the photocatalytic degradation of Methyl Orange (MO) and Rhodamine 6G (R6G), employing heterogeneous photocatalytic process. Photocatalytic activity of various semiconductors such as titanium dioxide (TiO(2)), zinc oxide (ZnO), stannic oxide (SnO(2)), zinc sulphide (ZnS) and cadmium sulphide (CdS) has been investigated. An attempt has been made to study the effect of process parameters viz., amount of catalyst, concentration of dye and pH on photocatalytic degradation of MO and R6G. The experiments were carried out by irradiating the aqueous solutions of dyes containing photocatalysts with UV and solar light. The rate of decolorization was estimated from residual concentration spectrophotometrically. Similar experiments were carried out by varying pH (2-10), amount of catalyst (0.25-2.0g/l) and initial concentration of dye (5-200mg/l). The experimental results indicated that the maximum decolorization (more than 90%) of dyes occurred with ZnO catalyst and at basic pH and the maximum adsorption of MO was noticed at pH 4 and of R6G at pH 10. The percentage reduction of MO and R6G was estimated under UV/solar system and it was found that COD reduction takes place at a faster rate under solar light as compared to UV light. In case of R6G, highest decolorizing efficiency was achieved with lower dose of catalyst (0.5g/l) than MO (1g/l) under similar conditions. The performance of photocatalytic system employing ZnO/solar light was observed to be better than ZnO/UV system.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014, India. sushilkk1@yahoo.co.inNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16919871

Citation

Kansal, S K., et al. "Studies On Photodegradation of Two Commercial Dyes in Aqueous Phase Using Different Photocatalysts." Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 141, no. 3, 2007, pp. 581-90.
Kansal SK, Singh M, Sud D. Studies on photodegradation of two commercial dyes in aqueous phase using different photocatalysts. J Hazard Mater. 2007;141(3):581-90.
Kansal, S. K., Singh, M., & Sud, D. (2007). Studies on photodegradation of two commercial dyes in aqueous phase using different photocatalysts. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 141(3), 581-90.
Kansal SK, Singh M, Sud D. Studies On Photodegradation of Two Commercial Dyes in Aqueous Phase Using Different Photocatalysts. J Hazard Mater. 2007 Mar 22;141(3):581-90. PubMed PMID: 16919871.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Studies on photodegradation of two commercial dyes in aqueous phase using different photocatalysts. AU - Kansal,S K, AU - Singh,M, AU - Sud,D, Y1 - 2006/07/21/ PY - 2006/05/02/received PY - 2006/07/11/revised PY - 2006/07/11/accepted PY - 2006/8/22/pubmed PY - 2007/5/19/medline PY - 2006/8/22/entrez SP - 581 EP - 90 JF - Journal of hazardous materials JO - J Hazard Mater VL - 141 IS - 3 N2 - The present study involves the photocatalytic degradation of Methyl Orange (MO) and Rhodamine 6G (R6G), employing heterogeneous photocatalytic process. Photocatalytic activity of various semiconductors such as titanium dioxide (TiO(2)), zinc oxide (ZnO), stannic oxide (SnO(2)), zinc sulphide (ZnS) and cadmium sulphide (CdS) has been investigated. An attempt has been made to study the effect of process parameters viz., amount of catalyst, concentration of dye and pH on photocatalytic degradation of MO and R6G. The experiments were carried out by irradiating the aqueous solutions of dyes containing photocatalysts with UV and solar light. The rate of decolorization was estimated from residual concentration spectrophotometrically. Similar experiments were carried out by varying pH (2-10), amount of catalyst (0.25-2.0g/l) and initial concentration of dye (5-200mg/l). The experimental results indicated that the maximum decolorization (more than 90%) of dyes occurred with ZnO catalyst and at basic pH and the maximum adsorption of MO was noticed at pH 4 and of R6G at pH 10. The percentage reduction of MO and R6G was estimated under UV/solar system and it was found that COD reduction takes place at a faster rate under solar light as compared to UV light. In case of R6G, highest decolorizing efficiency was achieved with lower dose of catalyst (0.5g/l) than MO (1g/l) under similar conditions. The performance of photocatalytic system employing ZnO/solar light was observed to be better than ZnO/UV system. SN - 0304-3894 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16919871/Studies_on_photodegradation_of_two_commercial_dyes_in_aqueous_phase_using_different_photocatalysts_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0304-3894(06)00817-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -