Development of a liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry assay for the quantification of PM02734, a novel antineoplastic agent, in dog plasma.Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2006; 20(18):2735-40.RC
A rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) assay was developed and validated to quantify a novel antineoplastic agent, PM02734, in dog plasma. The method was validated to demonstrate the specificity, limit of quantification (LOQ), accuracy, and precision of measurements. The calibration range for PM02734 was established using PM02734 standards from 0.05 to 100 ng/mL in blank plasma. The dominating ions were doubly charged molecular ions [M+2H]2+ at m/z 740.0 instead of singly charged ones at m/z 1478.4. The selected reaction monitoring (SRM), based on the m/z 740.0 --> 212.2 transition, was specific for PM02734, and that based on the m/z 743.8 --> 212.2 transition was specific for deuterated PM02734 (the internal standard, IS); no endogenous materials interfered with the analysis of PM02734 and IS from blank plasma. The assay was linear over the concentration range 0.05-100 ng/mL. In terms of sensitivity of assay 0.05 ng/mL is a very low LLOQ, especially considering PM02734 is a peptide. The correlation coefficients for the calibration curves ranged from 0.9990 to 0.9999. The mean intraday and interday accuracies for all calibration standards (n = 9) ranged from 93 to 111% (< or =11% bias) in dog plasma, and the mean interday precision for all calibration standards was less than 6.4%. The mean intra- and interday assay accuracy for all quality control replicates in dog plasma (n = 9), determined at each QC level throughout the validated runs, ranged from 85-111% (< or =15% bias) and from 99-109% (< or =9% bias), respectively. The mean intra- and interday assay precision was less than 12.1 and 13.3% for all QC levels, respectively. The assay has been used to support preclinical pharmacokinetic (PK) and toxicokinetic studies. The results showed that preclinical samples could be monitored for PM02734 up to 168 h after dosing, which allowed us to identify multiple elimination phases and accurately estimate PK information.