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Dietary intakes associated with metabolic syndrome in a cohort of Japanese ancestry.
Br J Nutr. 2006 Sep; 96(3):532-8.BJ

Abstract

The present study examined the association between dietary factors and metabolic syndrome in a 7-year follow-up of Japanese-Brazilians. In 1993, a survey estimated the prevalence of diabetes in a Japanese-Brazilian population aged 40-79 years. From 647 subjects studied at baseline, 394 (60.9 %) participated in a second survey (2000); after exclusion of subjects with self-reported diseases, 23.4 % (n 151) were included in the present analysis. Metabolic syndrome diagnosis was based on the National Cholesterol Education Program criteria modified for Asians. Food intake was assessed by a validated food-frequency questionnaire. At baseline, mean ages were 56.1 (sd 9.7) and 54.7 (sd 10.6) years for men and women, respectively. Similar cumulative incidence rates of the metabolic syndrome were found in both sexes (36.9 (95 % CI 26.6, 48.1)% for men and 38.8 (95 % CI 27.1, 51.4) % for women). In 1993, mean values of blood pressure, waist circumference for men and 2 h plasma glucose for both sexes were higher among subjects who developed metabolic syndrome when compared with those who did not. Comparisons of nutrient intakes between subsets of subjects who developed or did not develop metabolic syndrome showed an association of protein intake with the syndrome only in men (96.4 (sd 56.8) v. 74.3 (sd 26.0) g/d; P<0.05). Odds ratios of the metabolic syndrome across tertiles of food groups intake showed that among men the highest tertile of red meat consumption was associated with a 4.7-fold increase in risk of developing the syndrome, after adjustments for confounders. However, the statistical significance of this model disappeared when saturated fatty acids were added. The data raised the possibility of a role of red meat consumption for the occurrence of metabolic syndrome in Japanese-Brazilian men. The present findings may have implications for the prevention of metabolic syndrome in this high-risk population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16925859

Citation

Damião, Renata, et al. "Dietary Intakes Associated With Metabolic Syndrome in a Cohort of Japanese Ancestry." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 96, no. 3, 2006, pp. 532-8.
Damião R, Castro TG, Cardoso MA, et al. Dietary intakes associated with metabolic syndrome in a cohort of Japanese ancestry. Br J Nutr. 2006;96(3):532-8.
Damião, R., Castro, T. G., Cardoso, M. A., Gimeno, S. G., & Ferreira, S. R. (2006). Dietary intakes associated with metabolic syndrome in a cohort of Japanese ancestry. The British Journal of Nutrition, 96(3), 532-8.
Damião R, et al. Dietary Intakes Associated With Metabolic Syndrome in a Cohort of Japanese Ancestry. Br J Nutr. 2006;96(3):532-8. PubMed PMID: 16925859.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary intakes associated with metabolic syndrome in a cohort of Japanese ancestry. AU - Damião,Renata, AU - Castro,Teresa G, AU - Cardoso,Marly A, AU - Gimeno,Suely G A, AU - Ferreira,Sandra R G, AU - ,, PY - 2006/8/24/pubmed PY - 2006/10/17/medline PY - 2006/8/24/entrez SP - 532 EP - 8 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 96 IS - 3 N2 - The present study examined the association between dietary factors and metabolic syndrome in a 7-year follow-up of Japanese-Brazilians. In 1993, a survey estimated the prevalence of diabetes in a Japanese-Brazilian population aged 40-79 years. From 647 subjects studied at baseline, 394 (60.9 %) participated in a second survey (2000); after exclusion of subjects with self-reported diseases, 23.4 % (n 151) were included in the present analysis. Metabolic syndrome diagnosis was based on the National Cholesterol Education Program criteria modified for Asians. Food intake was assessed by a validated food-frequency questionnaire. At baseline, mean ages were 56.1 (sd 9.7) and 54.7 (sd 10.6) years for men and women, respectively. Similar cumulative incidence rates of the metabolic syndrome were found in both sexes (36.9 (95 % CI 26.6, 48.1)% for men and 38.8 (95 % CI 27.1, 51.4) % for women). In 1993, mean values of blood pressure, waist circumference for men and 2 h plasma glucose for both sexes were higher among subjects who developed metabolic syndrome when compared with those who did not. Comparisons of nutrient intakes between subsets of subjects who developed or did not develop metabolic syndrome showed an association of protein intake with the syndrome only in men (96.4 (sd 56.8) v. 74.3 (sd 26.0) g/d; P<0.05). Odds ratios of the metabolic syndrome across tertiles of food groups intake showed that among men the highest tertile of red meat consumption was associated with a 4.7-fold increase in risk of developing the syndrome, after adjustments for confounders. However, the statistical significance of this model disappeared when saturated fatty acids were added. The data raised the possibility of a role of red meat consumption for the occurrence of metabolic syndrome in Japanese-Brazilian men. The present findings may have implications for the prevention of metabolic syndrome in this high-risk population. SN - 0007-1145 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16925859/Dietary_intakes_associated_with_metabolic_syndrome_in_a_cohort_of_Japanese_ancestry_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&amp;PAGE=linkout&amp;SEARCH=16925859.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -