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Information systems in food safety management.
Int J Food Microbiol. 2006 Dec 01; 112(3):181-94.IJ

Abstract

Information systems are concerned with data capture, storage, analysis and retrieval. In the context of food safety management they are vital to assist decision making in a short time frame, potentially allowing decisions to be made and practices to be actioned in real time. Databases with information on microorganisms pertinent to the identification of foodborne pathogens, response of microbial populations to the environment and characteristics of foods and processing conditions are the cornerstone of food safety management systems. Such databases find application in: Identifying pathogens in food at the genus or species level using applied systematics in automated ways. Identifying pathogens below the species level by molecular subtyping, an approach successfully applied in epidemiological investigations of foodborne disease and the basis for national surveillance programs. Predictive modelling software, such as the Pathogen Modeling Program and Growth Predictor (that took over the main functions of Food Micromodel) the raw data of which were combined as the genesis of an international web based searchable database (ComBase). Expert systems combining databases on microbial characteristics, food composition and processing information with the resulting "pattern match" indicating problems that may arise from changes in product formulation or processing conditions. Computer software packages to aid the practical application of HACCP and risk assessment and decision trees to bring logical sequences to establishing and modifying food safety management practices. In addition there are many other uses of information systems that benefit food safety more globally, including: Rapid dissemination of information on foodborne disease outbreaks via websites or list servers carrying commentary from many sources, including the press and interest groups, on the reasons for and consequences of foodborne disease incidents. Active surveillance networks allowing rapid dissemination of molecular subtyping information between public health agencies to detect foodborne outbreaks and limit the spread of human disease. Traceability of individual animals or crops from (or before) conception or germination to the consumer as an integral part of food supply chain management. Provision of high quality, online educational packages to food industry personnel otherwise precluded from access to such courses.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Australian Food Safety Centre of Excellence, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia. Tom.McMeekin@utas.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16934895

Citation

McMeekin, T A., et al. "Information Systems in Food Safety Management." International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol. 112, no. 3, 2006, pp. 181-94.
McMeekin TA, Baranyi J, Bowman J, et al. Information systems in food safety management. Int J Food Microbiol. 2006;112(3):181-94.
McMeekin, T. A., Baranyi, J., Bowman, J., Dalgaard, P., Kirk, M., Ross, T., Schmid, S., & Zwietering, M. H. (2006). Information systems in food safety management. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 112(3), 181-94.
McMeekin TA, et al. Information Systems in Food Safety Management. Int J Food Microbiol. 2006 Dec 1;112(3):181-94. PubMed PMID: 16934895.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Information systems in food safety management. AU - McMeekin,T A, AU - Baranyi,J, AU - Bowman,J, AU - Dalgaard,P, AU - Kirk,M, AU - Ross,T, AU - Schmid,S, AU - Zwietering,M H, Y1 - 2006/08/28/ PY - 2006/04/26/accepted PY - 2006/8/29/pubmed PY - 2007/1/24/medline PY - 2006/8/29/entrez SP - 181 EP - 94 JF - International journal of food microbiology JO - Int J Food Microbiol VL - 112 IS - 3 N2 - Information systems are concerned with data capture, storage, analysis and retrieval. In the context of food safety management they are vital to assist decision making in a short time frame, potentially allowing decisions to be made and practices to be actioned in real time. Databases with information on microorganisms pertinent to the identification of foodborne pathogens, response of microbial populations to the environment and characteristics of foods and processing conditions are the cornerstone of food safety management systems. Such databases find application in: Identifying pathogens in food at the genus or species level using applied systematics in automated ways. Identifying pathogens below the species level by molecular subtyping, an approach successfully applied in epidemiological investigations of foodborne disease and the basis for national surveillance programs. Predictive modelling software, such as the Pathogen Modeling Program and Growth Predictor (that took over the main functions of Food Micromodel) the raw data of which were combined as the genesis of an international web based searchable database (ComBase). Expert systems combining databases on microbial characteristics, food composition and processing information with the resulting "pattern match" indicating problems that may arise from changes in product formulation or processing conditions. Computer software packages to aid the practical application of HACCP and risk assessment and decision trees to bring logical sequences to establishing and modifying food safety management practices. In addition there are many other uses of information systems that benefit food safety more globally, including: Rapid dissemination of information on foodborne disease outbreaks via websites or list servers carrying commentary from many sources, including the press and interest groups, on the reasons for and consequences of foodborne disease incidents. Active surveillance networks allowing rapid dissemination of molecular subtyping information between public health agencies to detect foodborne outbreaks and limit the spread of human disease. Traceability of individual animals or crops from (or before) conception or germination to the consumer as an integral part of food supply chain management. Provision of high quality, online educational packages to food industry personnel otherwise precluded from access to such courses. SN - 0168-1605 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16934895/Information_systems_in_food_safety_management_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0168-1605(06)00336-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -