Long-term outcomes after a variety of video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy approaches for clinical stage IA lung cancer: a multi-institutional study.J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 Sep; 132(3):507-12.JT
Although video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has been in use for more than a decade, its application to major lung resection for lung cancer is still not widely practiced. The success of a cancer operation is judged by the long-term survival of the treated patients. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to evaluate long-term outcomes associated with various video-assisted lobectomy techniques and conventional surgery in patients with peripheral non-small cell lung cancer less than or equal to 2 cm in diameter (stage IA).
A multi-institutional, retrospective review was performed in 145 consecutive patients. Patients with clinical stage IA disease, with tumor size less than or equal to 2 cm in diameter, from three institutions underwent a complete VATS (c-VATS, n = 56), an assisted VATS (a-VATS, n = 34), or a conventional open (open, n = 55) approach for pulmonary lobectomy and lymph node dissection.
Patients undergoing lobectomy and lymph node dissection with c-VATS had less blood loss, faster recovery, shorter hospitalization, and longer operating times than did patients undergoing the lobectomy with the a-VATS and open approaches. At a mean follow-up of 38.8 months, Kaplan-Meier probabilities of survival at 5 years were as follows: c-VATS, 96.7%; a-VATS, 95.2%; open, 97.2%. There was no significant difference in the rate of recurrence among the 3 different procedures.
VATS lobectomy, a safe procedure with earlier return to normal activities, can be regarded as an acceptable cancer operation for the patients with peripheral non-small cell lung cancer less than or equal to 2 cm in diameter (clinical stage IA) with the same long-term survivals as open surgery.