Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Do risk factors differ between explained sudden unexpected death in infancy and sudden infant death syndrome?
Arch Dis Child. 2007 Feb; 92(2):133-6.AD

Abstract

BACKGROUND

In Germany, 2910 infants died in 2004; for many infants the reason was clear, especially prematurity or congenital abnormalities. However, 394 babies die every year suddenly and unexpectedly. The cause may be immediately clear, but is often not obvious.

AIMS

(1) To describe the causes of explained sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) and (2) to compare risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and explained SUDI.

METHODS

A 3-year population-based case-control study in Germany, 1998-2001.

RESULTS

455 deaths, of which 51 (11.2%) were explained. Most of these deaths were due to respiratory or generalised infections. The risk factors for SIDS and explained SUDI were remarkably similar except for sleep position and breast feeding. Prone sleeping position is a major risk factor for SIDS (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 7.16, 95% confidence interval (CI) 3.85 to 13.31) but not for explained SUDI (adjusted OR 1.71, 95% CI 0.25 to 11.57). Not being breast fed in the first 2 weeks of life is a risk factor for SIDS (adjusted OR 2.37, 95% CI 1.46 to 3.84) but not for explained SUDI (adjusted OR 0.39, 95% CI 0.08 to 1.83).

CONCLUSIONS

Prone sleeping position is a unique risk factor for SIDS. Socioeconomic disadvantage and maternal smoking are risk factors for both SIDS and explained SUDI, and provide an opportunity for targeted intervention.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Legal Medicine, University of Münster, Münster, Germany. mechtild.vennemann@ukmuenster.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16935913

Citation

Vennemann, M, et al. "Do Risk Factors Differ Between Explained Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome?" Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 92, no. 2, 2007, pp. 133-6.
Vennemann M, Bajanowski T, Butterfass-Bahloul T, et al. Do risk factors differ between explained sudden unexpected death in infancy and sudden infant death syndrome? Arch Dis Child. 2007;92(2):133-6.
Vennemann, M., Bajanowski, T., Butterfass-Bahloul, T., Sauerland, C., Jorch, G., Brinkmann, B., & Mitchell, E. A. (2007). Do risk factors differ between explained sudden unexpected death in infancy and sudden infant death syndrome? Archives of Disease in Childhood, 92(2), 133-6.
Vennemann M, et al. Do Risk Factors Differ Between Explained Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Arch Dis Child. 2007;92(2):133-6. PubMed PMID: 16935913.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Do risk factors differ between explained sudden unexpected death in infancy and sudden infant death syndrome? AU - Vennemann,M, AU - Bajanowski,T, AU - Butterfass-Bahloul,T, AU - Sauerland,C, AU - Jorch,G, AU - Brinkmann,B, AU - Mitchell,E A, Y1 - 2006/08/25/ PY - 2006/8/29/pubmed PY - 2007/5/4/medline PY - 2006/8/29/entrez SP - 133 EP - 6 JF - Archives of disease in childhood JO - Arch. Dis. Child. VL - 92 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: In Germany, 2910 infants died in 2004; for many infants the reason was clear, especially prematurity or congenital abnormalities. However, 394 babies die every year suddenly and unexpectedly. The cause may be immediately clear, but is often not obvious. AIMS: (1) To describe the causes of explained sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) and (2) to compare risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and explained SUDI. METHODS: A 3-year population-based case-control study in Germany, 1998-2001. RESULTS: 455 deaths, of which 51 (11.2%) were explained. Most of these deaths were due to respiratory or generalised infections. The risk factors for SIDS and explained SUDI were remarkably similar except for sleep position and breast feeding. Prone sleeping position is a major risk factor for SIDS (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 7.16, 95% confidence interval (CI) 3.85 to 13.31) but not for explained SUDI (adjusted OR 1.71, 95% CI 0.25 to 11.57). Not being breast fed in the first 2 weeks of life is a risk factor for SIDS (adjusted OR 2.37, 95% CI 1.46 to 3.84) but not for explained SUDI (adjusted OR 0.39, 95% CI 0.08 to 1.83). CONCLUSIONS: Prone sleeping position is a unique risk factor for SIDS. Socioeconomic disadvantage and maternal smoking are risk factors for both SIDS and explained SUDI, and provide an opportunity for targeted intervention. SN - 1468-2044 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16935913/Do_risk_factors_differ_between_explained_sudden_unexpected_death_in_infancy_and_sudden_infant_death_syndrome L2 - http://adc.bmj.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=16935913 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -