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Epidemiology of scrub typhus in eastern Taiwan, 2000-2004.
Jpn J Infect Dis 2006; 59(4):235-8JJ

Abstract

The epidemiology of scrub typhus in eastern Taiwan was studied by analyzing the data from the CDC Web reporting system. A total of 1,396 cases with 403 confirmed cases were reported in the period of 2000 to 2004. The cases were commonly found in all counties with the highest number in Yuli Township, Hualien County (53 cases) and Taitung City, Taitung County (40 cases). Monthly changes in the number of cases showed epidemic periods in the spring with a peak in May, and again in the fall, with an October-November peak. The occurrence of disease varied with age, gender, and occupation. Our results showed that the infection rates in the elderly (50-69 years old), males (62.8%), and farmers (25.6%) were higher than those in other age groups, females, and other occupations. Five major clinical symptoms, fever, headache, eschar, rash, and lymphadenopathy, were observed in 90.1, 61.9, 23.1, 21.6, and 10.7% of the cases, respectively. Almost 90% (89.3%) of the cases showed 1-3 clinical symptoms and some showed 4-5 symptoms (10%). Only one patient with no symptoms (0.8%) was found. This paper reports the status of scrub typhus in eastern Taiwan, and suggests that a health education program could train individuals to self-recognize the disease symptoms.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Sixth Branch Office, Center for Disease Control, Taipei, Taiwan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16936341

Citation

Lee, Yeong-Sheng, et al. "Epidemiology of Scrub Typhus in Eastern Taiwan, 2000-2004." Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 59, no. 4, 2006, pp. 235-8.
Lee YS, Wang PH, Tseng SJ, et al. Epidemiology of scrub typhus in eastern Taiwan, 2000-2004. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2006;59(4):235-8.
Lee, Y. S., Wang, P. H., Tseng, S. J., Ko, C. F., & Teng, H. J. (2006). Epidemiology of scrub typhus in eastern Taiwan, 2000-2004. Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases, 59(4), pp. 235-8.
Lee YS, et al. Epidemiology of Scrub Typhus in Eastern Taiwan, 2000-2004. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2006;59(4):235-8. PubMed PMID: 16936341.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemiology of scrub typhus in eastern Taiwan, 2000-2004. AU - Lee,Yeong-Sheng, AU - Wang,Pei-Hua, AU - Tseng,Shu-Jen, AU - Ko,Ching-Fen, AU - Teng,Hwa-Jen, PY - 2006/8/29/pubmed PY - 2006/10/13/medline PY - 2006/8/29/entrez SP - 235 EP - 8 JF - Japanese journal of infectious diseases JO - Jpn. J. Infect. Dis. VL - 59 IS - 4 N2 - The epidemiology of scrub typhus in eastern Taiwan was studied by analyzing the data from the CDC Web reporting system. A total of 1,396 cases with 403 confirmed cases were reported in the period of 2000 to 2004. The cases were commonly found in all counties with the highest number in Yuli Township, Hualien County (53 cases) and Taitung City, Taitung County (40 cases). Monthly changes in the number of cases showed epidemic periods in the spring with a peak in May, and again in the fall, with an October-November peak. The occurrence of disease varied with age, gender, and occupation. Our results showed that the infection rates in the elderly (50-69 years old), males (62.8%), and farmers (25.6%) were higher than those in other age groups, females, and other occupations. Five major clinical symptoms, fever, headache, eschar, rash, and lymphadenopathy, were observed in 90.1, 61.9, 23.1, 21.6, and 10.7% of the cases, respectively. Almost 90% (89.3%) of the cases showed 1-3 clinical symptoms and some showed 4-5 symptoms (10%). Only one patient with no symptoms (0.8%) was found. This paper reports the status of scrub typhus in eastern Taiwan, and suggests that a health education program could train individuals to self-recognize the disease symptoms. SN - 1344-6304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16936341/Epidemiology_of_scrub_typhus_in_eastern_Taiwan_2000_2004_ L2 - http://www0.nih.go.jp/JJID/59/235.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -