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Waist circumference and body mass index in Chinese children: cutoff values for predicting cardiovascular risk factors.
Int J Obes (Lond). 2007 Mar; 31(3):550-8.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) correlate with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in childhood which track into adulthood. WC provides a measure of central obesity, which has been specifically associated with CV risk factors. Reference standards for WC, and for WC and BMI risk threshold values are not established in Chinese children.

OBJECTIVES

To construct reference percentile charts of WC, establish relationships between WC, BMI and other risk factors, and propose WC and BMI threshold values predictive of CV risk factors in Hong Kong ethnic Chinese children.

METHODS

Weight, height, waist and hip circumference were measured in 2593 (52% boys, 47% girls) randomly sampled Hong Kong school children aged 6-12 years. In 958 of these and 97 additional overweight children (n=1055), the relationships between WC, BMI, waist/hip and waist/height ratio and six age-adjusted CV risk factors (>85% percentile levels of blood pressure (BP), fasting triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, glucose and insulin levels, and <15% percentile levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol) were studied. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis was employed to derive optimal age-adjusted sex-specific WC and BMI thresholds for predicting these measures of risk.

RESULTS

WC percentiles were constructed. WC correlated slightly more than BMI with CV risk factors and most strongly with insulin and systolic BP, but poorly or not with LDL and glucose. Optimal WC and BMI risk thresholds for predicting four of these six CV risk factors were ca. the 85th percentiles (sensitivities approximately 0.8, specificities approximately 0.87) with age-specific cutoff values in girls/boys from approximately 57/58 to approximately 71/76 cm and 17/18 to 22/23 kg/m(2).

CONCLUSION

These are the first set of WC reference data for Chinese children. WC risk cutoff values are proposed which, despite a smaller waist in Chinese children, are similar to those reported for American children. WC percentiles may reflect population risk.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. yntzsung@chuk.edu.hkNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16953258

Citation

Sung, R Y T., et al. "Waist Circumference and Body Mass Index in Chinese Children: Cutoff Values for Predicting Cardiovascular Risk Factors." International Journal of Obesity (2005), vol. 31, no. 3, 2007, pp. 550-8.
Sung RY, Yu CC, Choi KC, et al. Waist circumference and body mass index in Chinese children: cutoff values for predicting cardiovascular risk factors. Int J Obes (Lond). 2007;31(3):550-8.
Sung, R. Y., Yu, C. C., Choi, K. C., McManus, A., Li, A. M., Xu, S. L., Chan, D., Lo, A. F., Chan, J. C., & Fok, T. F. (2007). Waist circumference and body mass index in Chinese children: cutoff values for predicting cardiovascular risk factors. International Journal of Obesity (2005), 31(3), 550-8.
Sung RY, et al. Waist Circumference and Body Mass Index in Chinese Children: Cutoff Values for Predicting Cardiovascular Risk Factors. Int J Obes (Lond). 2007;31(3):550-8. PubMed PMID: 16953258.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Waist circumference and body mass index in Chinese children: cutoff values for predicting cardiovascular risk factors. AU - Sung,R Y T, AU - Yu,C C W, AU - Choi,K C, AU - McManus,A, AU - Li,A M C, AU - Xu,S L Y, AU - Chan,D, AU - Lo,A F C, AU - Chan,J C N, AU - Fok,T F, Y1 - 2006/09/05/ PY - 2006/9/6/pubmed PY - 2007/6/8/medline PY - 2006/9/6/entrez SP - 550 EP - 8 JF - International journal of obesity (2005) JO - Int J Obes (Lond) VL - 31 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) correlate with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in childhood which track into adulthood. WC provides a measure of central obesity, which has been specifically associated with CV risk factors. Reference standards for WC, and for WC and BMI risk threshold values are not established in Chinese children. OBJECTIVES: To construct reference percentile charts of WC, establish relationships between WC, BMI and other risk factors, and propose WC and BMI threshold values predictive of CV risk factors in Hong Kong ethnic Chinese children. METHODS: Weight, height, waist and hip circumference were measured in 2593 (52% boys, 47% girls) randomly sampled Hong Kong school children aged 6-12 years. In 958 of these and 97 additional overweight children (n=1055), the relationships between WC, BMI, waist/hip and waist/height ratio and six age-adjusted CV risk factors (>85% percentile levels of blood pressure (BP), fasting triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, glucose and insulin levels, and <15% percentile levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol) were studied. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis was employed to derive optimal age-adjusted sex-specific WC and BMI thresholds for predicting these measures of risk. RESULTS: WC percentiles were constructed. WC correlated slightly more than BMI with CV risk factors and most strongly with insulin and systolic BP, but poorly or not with LDL and glucose. Optimal WC and BMI risk thresholds for predicting four of these six CV risk factors were ca. the 85th percentiles (sensitivities approximately 0.8, specificities approximately 0.87) with age-specific cutoff values in girls/boys from approximately 57/58 to approximately 71/76 cm and 17/18 to 22/23 kg/m(2). CONCLUSION: These are the first set of WC reference data for Chinese children. WC risk cutoff values are proposed which, despite a smaller waist in Chinese children, are similar to those reported for American children. WC percentiles may reflect population risk. SN - 0307-0565 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16953258/Waist_circumference_and_body_mass_index_in_Chinese_children:_cutoff_values_for_predicting_cardiovascular_risk_factors_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0803452 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -