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Do phonologic and rapid automatized naming deficits differentially affect dyslexic children with and without a history of language delay? A study of Italian dyslexic children.
Cogn Behav Neurol. 2006 Sep; 19(3):141-9.CB

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The study aims to verify whether phonologic and rapid automatized naming (RAN) deficits are present and associated in Italian dyslexic children and whether they differentially affect dyslexics with and without a history of previous language delay (LD).

BACKGROUND

According to the phonologic core deficit hypothesis, dyslexia may stem from impairment of the representation and manipulation of phonemes and may be closely associated with oral language deficits. However, deficits in tasks not requiring fine-grained phonologic representations, such as RAN, have also been described in dyslexic children.

METHODS

Thirty-seven children were selected on the basis of a reading deficit and were assigned to 2 groups according to whether or not they had a history of early LD as determined retrospectively by parental report. A battery of reading and writing, verbal working memory, metaphonologic, RAN, and visual search tests were administered.

RESULTS

RAN deficits were shared by most dyslexics (with and without a history of LD), whereas phonologic deficits were mainly associated with a previous LD. This last condition did not result in a more profound impairment of reading and writing decoding skills.

CONCLUSION

In a shallow orthography such as Italian, RAN, not phonologic deficits, may represent the main cognitive marker of developmental dyslexia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Developmental Neuroscience, IRCCS Stella Maris, viale del Tirreno 331-56018 Calambrone (PI), Italy. daniela.brizzolara@inpe.unipi.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16957492

Citation

Brizzolara, Daniela, et al. "Do Phonologic and Rapid Automatized Naming Deficits Differentially Affect Dyslexic Children With and Without a History of Language Delay? a Study of Italian Dyslexic Children." Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology : Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology, vol. 19, no. 3, 2006, pp. 141-9.
Brizzolara D, Chilosi A, Cipriani P, et al. Do phonologic and rapid automatized naming deficits differentially affect dyslexic children with and without a history of language delay? A study of Italian dyslexic children. Cogn Behav Neurol. 2006;19(3):141-9.
Brizzolara, D., Chilosi, A., Cipriani, P., Di Filippo, G., Gasperini, F., Mazzotti, S., Pecini, C., & Zoccolotti, P. (2006). Do phonologic and rapid automatized naming deficits differentially affect dyslexic children with and without a history of language delay? A study of Italian dyslexic children. Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology : Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology, 19(3), 141-9.
Brizzolara D, et al. Do Phonologic and Rapid Automatized Naming Deficits Differentially Affect Dyslexic Children With and Without a History of Language Delay? a Study of Italian Dyslexic Children. Cogn Behav Neurol. 2006;19(3):141-9. PubMed PMID: 16957492.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Do phonologic and rapid automatized naming deficits differentially affect dyslexic children with and without a history of language delay? A study of Italian dyslexic children. AU - Brizzolara,Daniela, AU - Chilosi,Anna, AU - Cipriani,Paola, AU - Di Filippo,Gloria, AU - Gasperini,Filippo, AU - Mazzotti,Sara, AU - Pecini,Chiara, AU - Zoccolotti,Pierluigi, PY - 2006/9/8/pubmed PY - 2006/11/9/medline PY - 2006/9/8/entrez SP - 141 EP - 9 JF - Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology JO - Cogn Behav Neurol VL - 19 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The study aims to verify whether phonologic and rapid automatized naming (RAN) deficits are present and associated in Italian dyslexic children and whether they differentially affect dyslexics with and without a history of previous language delay (LD). BACKGROUND: According to the phonologic core deficit hypothesis, dyslexia may stem from impairment of the representation and manipulation of phonemes and may be closely associated with oral language deficits. However, deficits in tasks not requiring fine-grained phonologic representations, such as RAN, have also been described in dyslexic children. METHODS: Thirty-seven children were selected on the basis of a reading deficit and were assigned to 2 groups according to whether or not they had a history of early LD as determined retrospectively by parental report. A battery of reading and writing, verbal working memory, metaphonologic, RAN, and visual search tests were administered. RESULTS: RAN deficits were shared by most dyslexics (with and without a history of LD), whereas phonologic deficits were mainly associated with a previous LD. This last condition did not result in a more profound impairment of reading and writing decoding skills. CONCLUSION: In a shallow orthography such as Italian, RAN, not phonologic deficits, may represent the main cognitive marker of developmental dyslexia. SN - 1543-3633 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16957492/Do_phonologic_and_rapid_automatized_naming_deficits_differentially_affect_dyslexic_children_with_and_without_a_history_of_language_delay_A_study_of_Italian_dyslexic_children_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/01.wnn.0000213902.59827.19 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -